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Hacker, Diana, and Sommers, Nancy RULES FOR WRITERS, 7th ed. Microsoft Word File Edit View Insert Format Tools Table Window Help Adobe PDF l. of Rules for Writers. My goal in revising the seventh edition was to create an even a tabbed spiral-bound edition of Rules for Writers, with all Adobe PDF . The object of Roget's Thesaurus of Words for Writers Roget's Thesaurus o. Second Edition, by Richard Templar, published by Pearson Education Limited.
Begin by taking a look at your writing situation. Rules for Writers. To decide which textbook to use as a teacher or writer, I would check the library and compare for yourself. Amazon Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants. Place the caption not italicized on the same line.
T e fol- lowing chart suggests ways to interpret assignments. Understanding an assignment Determining the purpose of an assignment T e wording of an assignment may suggest its purpose. Y ou might be expected to do one or more of the following in a college writing assignment: Y ou cannot answer such questions using only facts instead you will need to take a position.
If a list of questions appears in the assignment be careful — instructors rarely expect you to answer all the questions in order. Look instead for topics or themes that will help you ask your own questions. Assess the writing situation 7 draft 1a Purpose Your purpose or reason for writing will of en be dictated by your writing situation.
Perhaps you have been asked to draf a proposal requesting funding for a student organization to report the results of a psychology experiment or to write about the con- troversy surrounding genetically modif ed foods for the school newspaper. Even though your overall purpose may be fairly obvi- ous in such situations a closer look at the assignment can help you make some necessary decisions. How detailed should the proposal be How technical does your psychology professor ex- pect your report to be Do you want to inform students about the controversy surrounding genetically modif ed foods or to change their attitudes toward it In many writing situations part of your challenge will be discovering a purpose.
Asking yourself why readers should care about what you are saying can help you decide what your pur- pose might be. Perhaps your subject is magnet schools — schools that draw students from dif erent neighborhoods because of fea- tures such as advanced science classes or a concentration on the arts. If you have discussed magnet schools in class a description of how these schools work probably will not interest you or your readers.
Recognizing implied questions When you are asked to discuss analyze agree or disagree with or consider a topic your instructor will of en expect you to answer a how or why question. How has the No Child Lef Behind Act af ected special education programs Consider the recent rise of attention def cit hyperactivity disorder diagnoses. Online posting If an online posting is not archived cite it as a personal communication in the text of your paper and do not include it in the list of references.
McKinney J. Adult education-healthcare partnerships Electronic mailing list message. Retrieved from http: If only the screen name is known begin with that name and do not enclose it in brackets. CQ Researcher. Up to 80 percent of the processed foods sold in America have sugar added to their recipes. See http: Retrieved from https: If you are citing a personal Facebook page that will not be acces- sible to your readers cite it as personal communication in your text not in the reference list see item 15 on p.
Department of Education. They are resilient Facebook post. Retrieved October 15 from http: Washington DC: APA and with typical require- ments for undergraduate papers. For guidelines on pre- paring the reference list see pages — Font If your instructor does not require a specif c font choose one that is standard and easy to read such as Times New Roman. Put the page number 1 f ush with the right margin.
See page for a sample title page. Page numbers and running head Number all pages with arabic numerals 1 2 3 and so on in the upper right corner one-half inch from the top of the page. Flush with the lef margin on the same line as the page number type a running head consisting of the title of the paper shortened to no more than f f y characters in all capital letters.
See pages — Margins line spacing and paragraph indents Use margins of one inch on all sides of the page. Lef -align the text. Double-space throughout the paper. Indent the f rst line of each paragraph one-half inch. Capitalization italics and quotation marks In headings and in titles of works that appear in the text of the paper capitalize all words of four letters or more and all nouns pronouns verbs adjectives and adverbs of any length.
Capitalize the f rst word following a colon if the word begins a complete sentence. In the body of your paper italicize the titles of books journals magazines and other long works such as Web sites.
Use quotation marks around the titles of articles short stories and other short works. APA has dif erent requirements for titles in the reference list. See page Double-space the quotation.
Do not use quotation marks around it. See p. See also p. Footnotes If you insert a footnote number in the text of your paper place the number raised above the line immediately follow- ing any mark of punctuation except a dash. At the bottom of the page begin the note with a one-half-inch indent and the superscript number corresponding to the number in the text. Insert an extra double-spaced line between the last line of text on the page and the footnote.
Double-space the footnote. Abstract and keywords An abstract is a toword para- graph that provides readers with a quick overview of your essay. It should express your main idea and your key points it might also brief y suggest any implications or applications of the research you discuss in the paper.
If your instructor requires one include an abstract on a new page af er the title page. Double- space the abstract and do not indent the f rst line. A list of keywords follows the abstract the keywords help readers search for a published paper on the Web or in a data- base. T en list important words related to your paper.
Check with your instructor for requirements in your course. Headings Although headings are not always necessary their use is encouraged in the social sciences. For most undergraduate papers one level of heading is usually suf cient.
See pp. First-level headings are centered and boldface. Second-level headings are f ush lef and boldface. T ird-level headings are indented and boldface followed by a period and the text on the same line.
In f rst- and second-level headings capitalize the f rst and last words and all words of four or more letters and nouns pro- nouns verbs adjectives and adverbs of any length.
In third- level headings capitalize only the f rst word any proper nouns and the f rst word af er a colon.
Text immediately follows. Visuals tables and f gures AP A classif es visuals as tables and f g- ures f gures include graphs charts drawings and photographs. Label each table with an arabic numeral Table 1 Table 2 and so on and provide a clear title.
Place the label and title on separate lines above the table f ush lef and double-spaced. Type the table number in regular font italicize the table title. If you have used data from an outside source or have taken or adapted the table from a source give the source information in a note below the table.
If any data in the table require an ex- planatory footnote use a superscript lowercase letter in the table and in a footnote following the source note. Sherlock Holmes: Read more.
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Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Spiral-bound Verified Purchase. I had to buy this for a class that I didn't end of using, but I flipped through it to see if I could use for the composition classes that I teach, and it's fine.
There's nothing about this that stands out and makes it different from any other MLA or research source. A textbook with a spiral spine is nice, but of course, that brings with it problems anyone would experience with spirals. I prefer the Norton and A Writer's Resource to this. I would recommend for students who do have to use this for a class or the other two I mentioned to rent or get the PDF version. To decide which textbook to use as a teacher or writer, I would check the library and compare for yourself.
One person found this helpful. This comes in very handy for my college level English classes. I do have an issue with the fact that some of the pages are printed our very blurred as you can see in the second photo.
Overall, the product is fine. Just hurts your eyes on the pages that are blurry. This book was required for a college prep class I took last spring. This is a great book with a lot of info and examples on writing. Only complaint is I wish the book was bigger.
It's super thick but the actual dimensions were really small; like a medium sized novel or a smaller Bible. It would get buried in my backpack a lot because of how small it is. I was expecting a paper back with a normal spine, but this is actually a spiral bound book. I consider the spiral bound much easier to use because it takes up less desk space. The layout Diana Hacker chose to use is useful, but I've found some issues in finding specific material for citing sources using the index to navigate the book.
Once I did find the correct information, it was of understandable quality. Challenging But not impossible to find specific information within a section. Spiral Bound Good quality of information.
You seriously cannot survive college essays without this handbook. Most professors I have prefer MLA format and are very strict about correct citations. It has more than just MLA help, there's everything in this book that will assist you with your writing. It's easy to look through and read, very helpful. I always have it by my side when writing a paper.
This actually isn't all that bad though even with it being a handy resource I still do not utilize it properly. It is basically a handbook and means well, I say go for it if you are serious about writing and are just starting or have a class that requires this text.
Amazon had this new for the price of a soggy, water-damaged, smelly, stained, used one at my college.