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Sigit Rasa Jeruk. The author devotes a couple of chapters for each religion and dissects them as best as possible in those few pages. Speaking of which, we have now moved to another phase of Islamofurore in the West: Sejarah Tuhan Apa yang tak bisa dip Page 64 and It reminds me of the type of history Will Durrant wrote, where he would take a period of time and write extensively about all the facets of history within that time. She became disillusioned and left the convent in Sejarah Tuhan Situasi di bagian lai.

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You have to keep plugging away, then another big thinker from 17th century Lithuania hoves into view and you think I did not read every word of this. It was oomphless. It was an oomph-free zone. In fact, I revere this story. One day in Auschwitz, a group of Jews put God on trial. They charged him with betrayal and cruelty. Like Job, they found no consolation in the usual answers to the problems of evil and suffering in the midst of this current obscenity.

They could find no excuse for God, no extenuating circumstances, so they found him guilty and, presumably, worthy of death. The Rabbi pronounced the verdict. Then he looked up and said that the trial was over, it was time for the evening prayer. View all 54 comments.

Jul 13, Huda Yahya rated it liked it Shelves: View 2 comments. Oct 07, maha rated it really liked it Shelves: View all 24 comments. I still can't decide if it's good or not. That's that problem with being kinda dumb.

View all 10 comments. This is at once a very simple and a very complex book. Simple in its argument, complex in the array of detail marshalled to tell Armstrong's story.

Her view, it seemed to me, was firstly that monotheism was wide spread - well beyond the limits of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam but that there was always a tension between two basic ideas within that belief across all these religions. On the one hand a faith in an objective reality of something like an old man with a beard out there somewhere who This is at once a very simple and a very complex book. On the one hand a faith in an objective reality of something like an old man with a beard out there somewhere who was generally keen on smiting people, on the other hand a subjective individual striving within oneself that can lead to a sense of the numinous "The mystical experience of God has certain characteristics that are common to all faiths" p She approves of the latter, while disliking the former whose finest or worst examples depending on your point of view she finds in the Western European Catholic and Protestant traditions which finally, in her opinion, hoisted themselves on their petards by embracing a literal faith in the Bible shortly before the age of Lyle and Darwin and Mendel.

Armstrong's history of God then is the history of styles and manners of belief in God. The problem with the way she does it is that she unleashes, not hell, but such a mass of prophets, mystics, and philosophers upon the reader that we can move across the thought and ideas of three or four people in a single page - almost all of whom are men, Julian of Norwich, Bridget of Sweden, and Theresa of Avila just manage to squeeze in.

I did wonder how representative and reasonable some of the judgements were at times - but then this is always the case in dense surveys like this. What is particular, and maybe refreshing for some readers, is that Armstrong doesn't much like her own native Western European tradition of Christianity. Every other approach to faith comes across as simply better. Sufis, Buddhists, and Hassidic Jews among others leap out of the pages as less anxious, more compassionate, kinder, and generally less inclined to self abuse.

This may or may not be fair, but in the context of a post colonial world is certainly interesting, although I suppose not original. If belief in a single God is widespread, so is faith that the grass is always greener in the next field. Still her passion and commitment towards certain kinds of manifestation of faith is clear as evidenced by phrases like "religions such as Buddhism, which have the advantage of being uncontaminated by an inadequate theism" p , one can't claim that she hides her point of view.

The sense of her struggle with her own religious background is palpable, but also the relief and comfort that she has found through learning about the three major monotheisms. The ideal reader for this book might well be someone who for all their Jewish, Christian, or Muslim faith feels estranged or simply somewhat distanced from the particular Synagogue, Church, or Mosque they are familiar with.

This is a book that can provide that reader with a broader perspective. She compares trends in Hinduism and Buddhism to the big three monotheisms, this is something she could have made more of. The way that Buddhist Nirvana is described seems to her to be analogous to the experience of God as experience by mystics from the monotheistic religions for instance.

A History of God: The 4,000-Year Quest of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

Her survey is a wealth of detail, often curious. I particularly liked her account of the disappointment of the pagan philosopher Plotinus that he didn't get to visit India to study with its sages, he had thought of joining the Roman army as a means of getting there.

Somehow turning up in armour, sword in hand, doesn't strike me as the best way to introduce yourself and your philosophical longings to the wise people of a different land. Maybe a similar thought occurred to Plotinus. Another point that caught my attention was the question of if the God of Abraham and the God of Moses were one and the same, equally she didn't soft pedal the polytheistic sides of Hebrew practice prior to the Babylonian captivity. Something that Armstrong I felt did well was the sense of how ideas from one tradition oozed over to others.

The influence of the pagan philosophers on Christianity is, I imagine, fairly well known, but she points out as well the interrelationships of developments in Judaism and Islam, and Islam also had a strong engagement with Aristotle in particular.

She even makes Origen's self-castration, as inspired by the Gospels, sound like a reasonable action for a good half a page view spoiler [ which is quite an achievement hide spoiler ]. On the downside the mass of characters can be overwhelming, and you are probably best off approaching a book like this with a reasonable background knowledge to start with. If you don't know your Avicenna from your Aquinas this book may well be a struggle.

View all 22 comments. Jan 03, Camille rated it it was amazing Shelves: If I could give a book six stars, I would give them to this book.

I feel like I learned something new on nearly every page. This book is truly a history book on a grand scale. It reminds me of the type of history Will Durrant wrote, where he would take a period of time and write extensively about all the facets of history within that time. Armstrong, on the other hand, takes just one facet of history and writes extensively about it over a long year period of time.

Reading it has allowed m If I could give a book six stars, I would give them to this book. Reading it has allowed me to see patterns and connections in history that I never considered before.

I know I will continue to think upon what she said and use it as I try to make sense of the world.

Armstrong pdf tuhan karen sejarah

I highly recommend her talk where she makes her wish. I highly recommend all the TED prize winners' talks! View all 4 comments. The Tendencies of Religions A facebook conversation: Started with this post , with the following Ambedkar quote: They also ridicule Christianity on the score of the Inquisition. But really speaking, who is better and more worthy of our respect—the Mahomedans and Christians who attempted to thrust down the throats of unwilling persons what they regarded as necessary for their salvation, or the Hindu who woul The Tendencies of Religions A facebook conversation: But really speaking, who is better and more worthy of our respect—the Mahomedans and Christians who attempted to thrust down the throats of unwilling persons what they regarded as necessary for their salvation, or the Hindu who would not spread the light, who would endeavour to keep others in darkness, who would not consent to share his intellectual and social inheritance with those who are ready and willing to make it a part of their own make-up?

I have no hesitation in saying that if the Mahomedan has been cruel, the Hindu has been mean; and meanness is worse than cruelty. What is worse? Use force to make others join your faith B. Use force to keep out of those who want to join your faith Me: Professor X: I wanted to strip the discussion of dalit angle, but, YES, this has got me thinking. This man has hit the nail on the head.

Hinduism is the only one that opted to have exclusion as a theme and that, I suspect, because there was no occupation effort. The same religion in south east asia saw the need to absorb locals in: Ambedkar claims elsewhere that early Hinduism was an evangelizing religion and that once caste and varna systems were hardened, it had to stop being one.

Judaism discourages missionary activities and maintains an exclusivist doctrine, again based on purity of the chosen people. Does this seem like a useful line of enquiry? Are there any books that explore the tendencies of religions? Would love to read a few. View all 14 comments. Feb 23, John rated it did not like it Shelves: This is one of those books that make me feel woefully deficient in a certain subject. Having never taken a comparative religion class, and in fact bordering on an antiestablishment stance when it comes to organized religion, I can only conclude that this book was not the place to start.

The first couple of chapters which reviewed mankinds evolution from a polythesim to the monothesims of Judiasm, Christianity, and Islam were interesting, and for me blessedly linear and understandable. From ther This is one of those books that make me feel woefully deficient in a certain subject. From there things rapidly deteriorated as Armstrong ran through the impact and thought process that philosophy, mysticism, reform and enlightenment had on the three monothestic faiths.

These chapters were filled with dense pondorous examples of each of these disciplines, crammed wtih foreign names and terms, forcing me to reread pages and chapters, still without making much headway. I hate to indulge myself this way, but to illustrate my point I quote from page a part of a paragraph which starts, "Luria gave a new meaning to the original image of the exile of the Shekinah. It will be recalled that in the Talmud, the Rabbis had seen the Shekinah voluntarily going into exile with the Jews after the destruction of the Temple.

The Zohar had identified the Shekinah with the last sefirah and made it the female aspect of divinity. In Luria's myth, the Shekinah fell with the other sefiroth when the Vessels were shattered. And it goes on Further compounding the problem are a lack of any headings on subgroupings in Armstrong's chapters, which are composed of paragraphs that run nearly a page long each. It is this amount of dense detail that continually makes rereading a necessity, rather than a luxury. I was tempted on multiple occasions to put this book down, and finished with a sense that I had read line for line the entire federal IRS tax code.

Overall, not the place to start. View all 8 comments. Aug 19, Margitte rated it really liked it Shelves: I haven't finished reading the book. I still plan to though, but not in one sitting. The official blurb: One of Britain's foremost commentators on religious affairs, Arms I haven't finished reading the book.

However, it is an informative journey, educational in many instances, and thought-provoking throughout. It is not only the historical timeline of the development of religion of God , the evolutionary process of polytheism to monotheism for Judaism, Christianity and Islam, but also a philosophical experience.

I can only hope that all information in the book is accurate and worth learning. It certainly can be essential reading for those studying theology science beliefs , mythology and comparative religion. This book tells the story as it unfolded through the ages, changed according to needs, and ultimately split people into different groups honoring the same God. Someone long ago said that people build different bridges to God, but in the end they worship their bridges instead of God.

This book discusses this truth: The real story of mankind, widely accepted in the scientific world, is written down in the Enuma Elish, the Babilonian story of Creation which was discovered in the library of Ahurbanipal, estimated to have been written BCE. It is not the story as the Bible told it.

The first few chapters were really interesting. Fascinating, in fact. But from then on it becomes a philosophical discussion of concepts and names which makes me feel dumb and an-alphabetic!

But with increased concentration, and a few rereads, several rereads of the same, very long paragraphs, I finally get it all. There are several videos available on Youtube to enlighten the experience. My problem is that I constantly fall asleep.

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However, I do think this book is worth reading for those who are interested in an objective approach to the bridges we built to God. View all 5 comments. Feb 01, Jan rated it it was amazing Shelves: Karen Armstrong is a former Catholic nun and studied at Oxford. Her book, The Spiral Staircase, is a good description of the struggles that led to her leaving the convent.

There have been several good books written on the historic Jesus Christ, but very few on the historic God.

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And, yes, over a sweep of 4, years, evolving is clearl Karen Armstrong is a former Catholic nun and studied at Oxford. And, yes, over a sweep of 4, years, evolving is clearly the correct word. If you apply the same tools to the study of history of God that one would apply to the study of history of anything over 4, years, you will see it through the lens of different periods of time. Perhaps, somewhat unfortunately for religion and for God, we are in a period marked by the predominance of rationality.

Muhammad: A Biography of the Prophet by Karen Armstrong

Ever since Kant, philosophers have admitted the existence of a god cannot be logically supported and of course, Kant still willingly chose to believe. So where does Ms. Armstrong take us in world after Kant, Hume, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, and the like? She worries about the intolerance inherent in monotheism if I believe in the one true god, your god must be wrong.

She reminds us that although the Existentialists told us we are better off without god since the pat answers and the certainty that god gives stifles our wonder of the world and negates our freedom, the growing drug addiction and crime rates are not signs of a spiritually healthy society.

Apparently although Ms. Armstrong left organized religion, she never left her search for spirituality. I found the best statement of her conclusion was actually in The Spiral Staircase: Those who enjoy watching humans have a crack at an unanswerable question. Nuances Of The Religious Tradition This was a great book that seriously, seriously bolstered my understanding of the history of God, and has ultimately ignited an interest in me to read further books on the more specific areas of religious practice there is a massive 'further reading' section at the back that I look forward to raiding.

As such, I had a number of things I wanted to say in my review, yet, I think a quick bit of advise would suffice as an alternative. Unless you're moving into t Nuances Of The Religious Tradition This was a great book that seriously, seriously bolstered my understanding of the history of God, and has ultimately ignited an interest in me to read further books on the more specific areas of religious practice there is a massive 'further reading' section at the back that I look forward to raiding.

Unless you're moving into the field of Theology in which case I doubt you'll read this anyway I would advise NOT to try and kill yourself over remembering every name, every sub-catogary and every belief system held about God thought this book.

You'll kill your enjoyment, and ultimately the point of the book along with it. Instead, try and cultivate a curious, open attitude whilst allowing yourself to be guided through the pages of Karen Armstrong's hard earned endeavour. I found that I enjoyed this text immensely when simply learning about how human beings tried to understand the ineffable. The different people who went up against this question have come up with some interesting thought trails, and it's quite fun to see how societies throughout time have deviated into their own systems of understanding, only for some of them to come to the same conclusion after much difference in doctrine.

My only other advise would be to test yourself whilst reading this. See where you stand with your beliefs after reading about the God of Mystics, then come back and re-evaluate. Believe me, you won't think quite the same afterwards. Ultimately, this is just another story of human kind trying to make sense of what it is we're doing here, and I believe if the reader imagines this whilst reading A History of God , they won't be disappointed with the result.

Karen Armstrong yang dulu adalah seorang biarawati dan kemudian meninggalkan ordo nya, kini lebih terkenal sebagai pemerhati dan komentator agama-agama dunia. Sudah banyak buku yang ia tulis yang mengangkat tema keagamaan dan juga biografi tokoh agama seperti Nabi Muhammad dan Sidharta Gautama. Kali ini dalam Sejarah Tuhan gold edition diterbitkan Mizan tahun Armstrong membahas dengan lugas, secara gamblang namun mudah dipahami tentang tiga agama monotheis terbesar di dunia: Yahudi, Krist Karen Armstrong yang dulu adalah seorang biarawati dan kemudian meninggalkan ordo nya, kini lebih terkenal sebagai pemerhati dan komentator agama-agama dunia.

Yahudi, Kristen dan Islam. But if you are already familiar with the source material, that isn't significantly detrimental to its enjoyability. Ultimately it ends on a positive note, balancing the just war theology with the strong evidence for a complementary paradigm of peace evidenced from the treaty of Hudaybiyah, the opening of Mecca and the subsequent reconciliation with and forgiveness of Quraysh.

Written at the time of the Rushdie crisis, the opening chapter discusses the modern climate of fear and hatred towards Islam and Muslims together with historical trends in Eastern-Western relations, and calls for an attempt to come to mutual understanding and fight Western media and academic bias against Islam.

I think she succeeded in presenting a sympathetic, accessible portrayal which is greatly relevant to our modern times, and therefore I happily recommend it.

Jul 10, Daniel rated it really liked it Shelves: Others may fault her for bias, but I think it is successful and honest at the same time. Armstrong does not conceal those acts of the Prophet that are hardest for moderns to understand most notably, in my view, the execution of men and the sale of their women and children into slavery because of an act of tribal perfidy ; she does, however, point out that the thrust of Muhammad's teaching was toward a new kind of harmony within Arabia and for Arabs with their neighbors.

She argues that Islam at its origins is an essentially pluralistic religion, requiring of its believers chiefly that they be monotheists and only secondarily adherence to the tenets of the Founder.

This emphasis on the worship of the One God thus accords a great deal of respect to others who believe similarly but do not necessarily follow the Quran. It is hard to know how accurate her view is.

Well, hard, that is, to those of us who are relatively ignorant of Islam. My only objection to Armstrong's treatment of the subject is her failure to account for the bloody missions seeking converts, but I may now remember my Lewis now as well as I ought.

It is well to quote her at length from her closing, because it is where she is headed the whole way through: A good place to start is with the figure of Muhammad: Feb 27, Johannes Bertus rated it did not like it. In this book Armstrong cherry picks the worst bits of Christian history - Crusades, progroms, Jesus cursing his enemies - and then argues something along the lines of "Well, Muhammed wasn't quite as bad as that!

There is actually a passage where she argues Muhammed's slaughter of Jews was acceptable because it wasn't as bad as Hitler's! A terribly dishonest book. May 23, Allyson Abu-hajar rated it it was amazing. I had read this some time back, and just recently purchased my own copy. Karen Armstrong provides a great source of history during the time period and brings clarity to what transpired.

I recommend this book to those interested in reverting to Islam, before reading the Quran; as well as, to non-Muslims, so they would have a better understanding of whom Muhammad pbuh actually was. In the beginning of this book, Karen does a great job of writing how other religious groups have suffered for their I had read this some time back, and just recently purchased my own copy.

Armstrong tuhan sejarah karen pdf

In the beginning of this book, Karen does a great job of writing how other religious groups have suffered for their beliefs. Where the lies born of imagination, were spread about them that lead to fear mongering, and simply having a different faith, meant it was acceptable to discriminate, and even kill. Sadly, the same fear mongering about Muhammad pbuh from the middle ages, still echoes today and I often see it reiterated time and time again, it is very sad that in this day in age how much ignorance still exists regarding Muhammad pbuh and Islam.

I thought this book was thought provoking as well as educational. Great read! Oct 29, Larry rated it it was amazing Recommended to Larry by: I read all of Ms.

Armstrong's works. As it is sub-titled this work is more a biography than a review of Muhammad's theology and yet it provides a deeper understanding of the social forces that gave rise to that theology. He was a man of exceptional insight and uncommon courage.

The Arabian peninsula was a hard and unforegiving place where strength and power only barely insured survival. Its peoples lived on the edge of extinction constantly and many social mores were adaptations to those conditions, the infacide of daughters and th As it is sub-titled this work is more a biography than a review of Muhammad's theology and yet it provides a deeper understanding of the social forces that gave rise to that theology.

Its peoples lived on the edge of extinction constantly and many social mores were adaptations to those conditions, the infacide of daughters and the practice of having multiple wives being examples. But Muhammad saw beyond tribal existance and its endless destructive warfare to an ummah, or brotherhood of believers, who looked to the welfare of all. His beliefs were grounded in the same history as Judaism and Christianity with funadamentally the same humanistic values.

Yet for all this Muhammad only ever referred to himself as a Messinger for there was only one god, Allah, a lack of conceit missing in the other two sister religions. Apr 28, ayesha rated it it was ok. Rather, most of the book is dedicated to proving what a genius the Prophet peace be upon him was to create such a religion.

She attempts to connect many of the Islamic traditions with the old Arab pagan traditions. From an Anthropological standpoint, I was disappointed in her treatment of the Arab society.

Armstrong depicts Arab society as lacking in civilization and looking for religious enlightenment that the Christians had obtained. There are some positives to the book, not everything is negative. Armstrong does a decent job of detailing Christian abuse against the Muslims throughout history and points to Christianities blood soaked past. However, there are better biographies out there of the Prophet peace be upon him.

Mar 20, Vikrant Rana rated it it was ok. This book reads like an apology coming from the west and particularly from the Christian world. Instead of reporting the Prophet's biography from an objective standpoint, an effort has been made at every page to compare the situation and resulting actions in the erstwhile Arabian peninsula with the ones that have been perpetrated by the Christian world over the course of history.

I was hoping to get more insights into the current state of affairs in and around Islam and how they are rooted in th This book reads like an apology coming from the west and particularly from the Christian world.

I was hoping to get more insights into the current state of affairs in and around Islam and how they are rooted in the very beginnings. It does give a glimpse into the initial phase, and that is why two stars in my review, but it falls very short of an authoritative and genuine piece of work on Prophet's life and times. Jan 22, Lucas rated it it was ok. Armstrong bends over backward to make Muhammad into something other than a bloodthirsty warlord, but her apologetics are hilariously inadequate.

She sounds like a defense attorney defending her client against charges of war crimes far more than she sounds like a historian. This book is only interesting for seeing what contortions moderate Muslims have to go through to believe that their prophet is actually a praiseworthy man.

She would have done more good for the world if she had taken on Muhamm Armstrong bends over backward to make Muhammad into something other than a bloodthirsty warlord, but her apologetics are hilariously inadequate. She would have done more good for the world if she had taken on Muhammad's brutality and challenged Muslims instead of pandering to them. Jun 29, Christian Layow rated it really liked it. This is an excellent book about the life and times of Muhammad. It is a short read, but gives those of us without much knowledge of Islam a great introduction to its beginnings.

It is well written and comes with a glossary of Arabic terms and Arabic people that lived during those changing times. What we get is a man dedicated to changing a people of hostile habits into a people of peaceful existence. The degree to which he is humiliated, ridiculed and endangered and yet still works continually f This is an excellent book about the life and times of Muhammad. The degree to which he is humiliated, ridiculed and endangered and yet still works continually for peace is a sure sign of a man to be honored for centuries.

It is important to know the conditions he was up against, to understand what he really accomplished. When he finally took Mecca with his followers, it was a peaceful return to his tribe and place that had not only expelled him, but became entrenched enemies of his cause. It may well have been a time that was due on that peninsula, but to know how Muhammad shaped that time and the perseverance required, is awe inspiring.

We also learn that like any religion over time, the messages of the Koran, which was recited and written for those times, has been interpreted in different ways to further agendas much different then how Muhammad may have intended them.

Only a glimpse of it I can catch. What a dramatic succession of picturesque scenes! There is Muhammad, the prophet. There is Muhammad, the warrior; Muhammad, the businessman; Muhammad, the statesman; Muhammad, the orator; Muhammad, the reformer; Muhammad, the refuge of orphans; Muhammad, the protector of slaves; Muhammad, the emancipator of women; Muhammad, the judge; Muhammad, the saint.

All in all these magni "The personality of Muhammad, it is most difficult to get into the whole truth of it. All in all these magnificent roles, in all these departments of human activities, he is alike a hero. It sums up the important historical events that lead to the developement of Islam in a simple and a comprehensible context. Plus, the objectivity of the writer is truly remarkable being a westerner herself.

Definitely will read it more than once again. Aug 04, Gregory Milliron rated it really liked it. This is an excellent book. It is rare that a person who has influenced the development of nearly all modern civilizations on Earth, especially one from such an early part of history, receives such a thorough account of his life. History is fortunate to have non-scriptural accounts of the life of Muhammad; and, it is equally unfortunate that we do not possess similar accounts of Jesus of Nazareth.

I find Karen Armstrongs prose mostly engaging and clear, and the organization of the book is sensibl This is an excellent book. I find Karen Armstrongs prose mostly engaging and clear, and the organization of the book is sensible. I do see how some readers might mistake Armstrong for a Muslim apologist, but only because modern ignorance of Muhammed's life, and Islam in general is so ubiquitous.

Frankly, though, Armstrong is correct in assuming most readers of her text are in need of such fleshing out of some of the issues modern humans face in understanding Islam. I know many people who should read this book, and many, many more who will refuse to do so. An excellent, detailed, readable, unbiased, accurate, and intelligently-written biography of the prophet. Clever comparisons with Christianity and Judaism for some incidents.

Fresh views and explanations for some of the famous misconceptions. Great effort from a Non-Muslim and a Westerner! Definitely one of the best Sirah and biography books I have ever read.

I utterly recommend the book.