Download Twelve Years a Slave free in PDF & EPUB format. Download Solomon Northup's Twelve Years a Slave for your kindle, tablet, IPAD. after a bondage of twelve years—it has been suggested that an account of my life and .. memorandum in a large book, which, I presume, is in the office yet. I run this site alone and spend an awful lot of time creating these books. Very few people donate, but without your help, this site can't survive. Please support it by.
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Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Twelve Years a Slave by Solomon Northup. Book Cover. This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project to make the. TWELVE YEARS A SLAVE. Hetered according to Act of Congress, in the year one thonsand eight .. over my books, or playing on the violin an amuse-.
She fell into a mournful and desponding mood, and often-times would start up in her sleep, and with raised hands, plead for mercy. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! Washington, that they have no knowledge of their ancestry. In fact it is the second time. He is exploited, brutalized and used in anyway set by the planter. The Catholic Church insisted on christening children and parents, imposing the respect of Christian sacraments like marriage. There cannot be any denial about that.
Lccn Pages Scandate Scanner google.
Source http: Worldcat source edition Year Plato - - April 7, Subject: Fragmentary Edition -- Look Elsewhere for the Text The online edition has duplicate pages and is missing several pages e. Google digitizing the world's books seems like an excellent idea, but if the results are as poor as this, the project is pointless!
Pages and are missing.
I don't know if there are any others; very good book though. EssayPrince - favorite favorite favorite favorite favorite - February 8, Subject: Just 12? A person who is owned by his master? Works for him for no pay? No, this is not the only definition of a slave. In fact, that is a definition buried in time. A Slave is he whose destiny is in the hands of another.
Thus, are we slaves? He uses the whip a lot but he never or hardly hit the other slaves and some kind of arrangement is reached: We reach here another element. The work of slaves is measured. Each slave is submitted to one particular task under duress, which means with a lot of whipping around or on his body.
The amount of work or harvesting done in such conditions is set as the minimum the concerned slave has to produce. All slaves do not have the same quotas though all slaves have to be over the minimum considered as profit making by the owner.
If they do more then their minimum is increased and if they do not reach this new minimum on a regular basis they will be punished, meaning whipped.
To keep such quotas they have to keep a certain rhythm in their work, and this rhythm is essential for Africans who have rhythmic music ingrained in their culture and heritage: We will see later how important this element can be.
They have to work from sunup to sundown, meaning they have to be ready by sunup and they will stop working in the fields by sundown.
They have to get ready before and they have to take care of their food, cooking, the animals, their tools after work. They are provided with a limited amount of food, corn meal and bacon, they have to prepare by themselves and worms or other parasites in these two items are just plain food, animal protein as we would say today.
Slaves can do some hunting or fishing after work, by night, and they do to supplement their diet with possum meat for example or with fish. This is of course typical of Louisiana where rivers and bayous are everywhere as well as swamps. A slave is nothing but the tool or the toy of the slave owner or his white personnel. He is exploited, brutalized and used in anyway set by the planter. Solomon Northup gives the example how his owner when drunk made him use his fiddle to play music and forced the slaves to dance all night, though on the following morning their work in the fields will have to be the same.
He insists on the case of a young female slave who is used and abused by the planter, which makes his wife jealous and then they kind of manage to pacify their own family life by both victimizing that young female slave. This victimizing, this whipping is always performed in front of everyone: She is undressed and tied face down on the ground to four posts and she is whipped moderately by Solomon who refuses — at his own risk — to go beyond some thirty lashes as initially ordered, but then the planter takes over in a frenzy of violence and viciousness in front of his wife, his children and the slaves till the woman is unable to react in the slightest possible way, even with a moan.
Solomon Northup insists on the result as for the general attitude and behavior this cruel unwarranted punishment produces.
The burden of a deep melancholy weighed heavily on her spirits. She no longer moved with that buoyant and elastic step — there was not that mirthful sparkle in her eyes that formerly distinguished her.
The bounding vigor — the sprightly, laughter-loving spirit of her youth, were gone.
She fell into a mournful and desponding mood, and often-times would start up in her sleep, and with raised hands, plead for mercy.
She became more silent than she was, toiling all day in our midst, not uttering a word. A care-worn, pitiful expression settled on her face, and it was her humor now to weep, rather than rejoice. This testimony proves the depth of this trauma that slavery was and the lasting and inerasable impact of this trauma on the psyche of any individual who has suffered it, witnessed it and will transmit it to the next generation as long as they will be able to remember the facts or the stories about the facts.
But we have to insist on two elements here. The effect on the white children of the planter. It is pitiable, sometimes, to see him chastising, for instance, the venerable Uncle Abram [who is supposed to be around 60]. He will call the old man to account, and if in his childish judgment it is necessary, sentence him to a certain number of lashes, which he proceeds to inflict with much gravity and deliberation.
Without discrimination, at such times, he applies the rawhide, urging the slaves forward with shouts, and occasional expression of profanity, while the old man laughs, and commends him as a thorough-going boy. On arriving at maturity, the sufferings and miseries of the slave will be looked upon with entire indifference.
The influence of the iniquitous system necessarily fosters an unfeeling and cruel spirit, even in the bosom of those who, among their equals, are regarded as humane and generous. Just the same way as this mistreatment of slaves produces the attitude of the son who will never be able to consider black people, ex- slaves as being human because deep in his mind they have been registered as animals, chattel, the slaves when they are freed will keep in their own minds this solidarity among slaves, this racial definition of the world cut in two and the whites will always be frightening monsters.
This traumatic situation has long lasting effects on both the whites and the blacks and Solomon Northup shows it marvelously. The fact that the slaves were able to survive this traumatic situation that lasted three centuries is because they retained deep in their minds and bodies some African heritage.
The physical and hard work and working conditions to which they are submitted maintains in them the basic physical strength and power of Africans in Africa.
This is still true in some areas and Nelson Mandela tells us about his own rituals that were associated to his circumcision. In African culture there is a basic principle that an African man or an African woman have to be physically strong and both physically and mentally demonstrate a high level of endurance. The duress under which they were exploited in fact had a positive result: They were expected for these Christmas festivals to produce music, to dance and to sing. This enabled them to retain their unique polyrhythmic music that has become universal today thanks to this retention.
They retained their African singing that is both chanting and singing, both monophonic and yet polyphonic, what I would call monophonic with polyphonic variations.
They retained their dancing and it is clear that their bodies do not dance one tempo but several: This dancing is pure communion for the slaves, communion among themselves and communion with their heritage, their past, their African roots. Strangely enough it is this triad of music-singing-dancing that also saved the American Indians who were able to keep their traditions and their soul by cultivating these there forms of culture in their powwows.
Strangely enough the Americans tried to ban it for the Indians though for the blacks, the slaves, they encouraged it as an entertainment for themselves of course.
They will even imitate it with the black minstrels. Solomon Northup gives one example of one of these song-cum-music-cum-singing: Old Hog Eye.
And Hosey too! We could also understand that this singing might be very close to chanting or even speaking and it would be the root of what we call today rap which was also common in jazz in the s or 30s. I say here this testimony explains how the Blacks were able to survive slavery by keeping and developing some African tradition coming directly from their cultural heritage.
In fact it is the second time. This fact brings a question to mind that is more and more asked among people: I do not have an answer to that question and I lean towards a twofold approach: All Americans have thus to face this important period in their past: There could be a third side to the question reflecting a change among the Blacks themselves. They have two names for this.
The First group calls it Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome and they are essentially centered on the concept of reparations, hence a collective approach, neglecting the psychological individual problem and hence admitting more or less, like Booker T.
Washington, that they have no knowledge of their ancestry. The second group calls it Post Traumatic Slavery Disorder and they are centering their approach on an individual procedure within group processing to help each individual and his group to understand and step out of the problem by re-assessing and revalorizing their past generations and their heritage going as far as possible within slavery itself.
The recent adaptation of the book first published in is outstanding in spite of the fact that it cuts a lot of stuff from it. It shortens the legal battle at the end for example but it gives a clear vision of what the Trauma of slavery was and how the Blacks managed to go through it. Never did they really drop their belief that surviving was not worth suffering for. The film gives some fundamental elements that enabled the Black to survive under the worst possible duress and violence.