This collection of essays was the last work planned by Ayn Rand before " Defending the Undefendable" (available as a free pdf on the Mises Institute website). . That is the message of Ayn Rand's book, "Philosophy: Who Needs It. " In a. The view of philosophy I subscribe to is Ayn Rand's Objectivism. She described Manifesto, Philosophy: Who Needs It etc. etc. Philosophy is a. Philosophy: Who Needs It is a collection of essays by Ayn Rand, published posthumously in It was the last book on which Rand worked during her lifetime. Archived from the original (PDF) on ^ Den Uyl, Douglas ( May.
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Philosophy: Who Needs It by Ayn Rand. This lecture was delivered to the graduating class of the United States Military Academy at West Point on March. 6, In Philosophy: Who Needs It, a collection of essays written by Rand in the years following Atlas Shrugged, she argues that philosophy is not a pastime for. This essay was originally published in The Ayn Rand Letter and later anthologized in Philosophy: Who Needs It (). It is based on a lecture.
I wish the world were that cool: I'm not sure what I think about the book or what I should say to you. That was when I first read this book. Most people would just do whatever it is commanded to them without thinking about the goal that stems from their actions. If I were to be as radical as Ayn Rand, my previous perception and conclusion regarding the relevance of philosophy on faith OR the relevance of faith on philosophy would have immediately been cancelled.
She examines why we need philosophy of course we do and the realisation that this is an integral part of our existence if we are to live rational, moral lives. Mostly, Rand encourages people to think for themselves without blindly following conventions, and to encourage the development and application to reason. She advocates intellectual honesty — in admitting what one knows and what one does not know, then working from there.
And not, thankfully, to proselytise. Sep 07, Brad Dugg rated it really liked it. This is a powerful book and there are few books that question our own faith and also give us an alternative way of thinking, this is one such book.
A collection of essays by Ayn Rand edited by Leonard Peikoff, this books has all it takes for a must read book. I was introduced to Ayn Rand with her novel "The Fountainhead" and in my exploration of Ayn Rand and her thought process, I supposed that this book "Philosophy: Who Needs It" would help me know more about Ayn Rand and her philosophy and also This is a powerful book and there are few books that question our own faith and also give us an alternative way of thinking, this is one such book.
Who Needs It" would help me know more about Ayn Rand and her philosophy and also try and see if I can drive few principles that I can implement in my own life. That was when I first read this book. Even today, that is 11 years later it stands tall and has almost got a divine place in my mind. There is too much to say and how much ever I review I cannot complete the substance enough. Ayn Rand seems to be a mix of many contemporary and also the oldest philosophers. For me, she is a mix of Nietzsche, Schopenhauer and one of the one earliest philosophers, Aristotle.
Also, she rants against altruism. Rand made altruism the root of all evil in the existing world and that was a radical approach and the thoughts are put so very objectively that I could not help but heed to her words in the book. The book begins with the chapter "Philosophy: In "Philosophical Detection", she conveys that every man ought to have the eye for discrimination to understand the difference between the "fundamentals" and "derivatives".
It is the fundamentals that form the core philosophy for a human. Then, she moves onto differentiating the metaphysics and the artificiality of humans in "Metaphysical Versus The Man-Made". In the "Missing Link" she gives examples to help us understand the method by which mind habitually deals with the content in the mind.
Also, I encountered a beautiful term "Psycho epistemology" which I cannot explain in a blog but is worth reading about in the book. Then, my favorite and perhaps a powerful chapter "Selfishness without a self" arrives and here, she talks about the herd collective mankind following faith and beliefs with irrationality.
This herd has a basis for what they do and they believe what they do is right. Personally, this stands as my favorite in the book. In the chapter, "An Open Letter to Boris Spassky", she writes a letter to the Russian chess champion explaining her views on Capitalism and why real world rules in soviet union are unbearable if it had to be chess game In, "Faith and force: Again, in the next chapter "Kant versus Sullivan", she debates on how many people in the current world need the help of "Annie Sullivan" Annie Sullivan is the teacher of Helen Keller.
This chapter takes reference from the play "The Miracle Worker" In perhaps, the most talked and rather the most controversial chapter "Causality Versus Duty", Rand kills the conventional concept of duty and says "Duty cannot be for self-interest or virtue; driven by parents, church, and government". She goes on saying that life or death is the fundamental alternative.
The only obligation that matters is a personal promise as per Rand. To understand whether one is "able to do" or "not" is the biggest challenge for a human being. She gives a good number of examples to put the point. Although I could not relate to many of the examples, I could understand what she was trying to convey.
In "Egalitarianism and Inflation" Rand talks how these two words are tough to understand and are more often than not misconstrued and misinterpreted. In "The Establishing an Establishment" she talks about how funding through government bring an enforcement and how only a few exceptional men can withstand and break through censorship. In the chapter "Censorship: Local and Express", she gives lot more details on these points.
Fair in itself is a perspective and what doctrine means a set of beliefs by an Orthodox organization. This is not justifiable as per Rand.
There should be fairness in teaching all ideologies as against set principles and ideologies. In "What can one do" Rand conveys action items of which I am listing a few which I believe in doing Develop own convictions Speak on any scale you can Express views on issues In "Don't let it go", Rand tells to have conviction, fight for reason and to have a sense of existence and also be responsible for what we do. To sum it up, this is a powerful book.
Ayn Rand has been of great influence on me. She made me question the existence of GOD. She made me believe that above all "What we do" matters. How selfishness is the root of all good things that we do. This book helped me shape my character and I owe some part of me to the books by Ayn Rand. A must read for all those who believe in reason, selfishness, and objectivism.
It was interesting to see how current still are Rand's concerns. The book also opened the door of other authors who she critique. Important to understand the roots of the opposite views. Since the book is a collection of essays it is easy to read and reflect one at a time.
In the end the battle for freedom is an intellectual battle. Lots has been said about other sciences yet the enemies of freedom get stronger under the shade of indifference and ignorance. Jun 01, Mirela rated it it was amazing Shelves: Have you read and studied philosophy in the past and still not learned much of how it applies to life or for that matter, remember much of anything related to philosophy save for some worn out names?
This is the book on philosophy that reviews what it is and why we need it in every aspect of our lives. Feb 21, Jim Brown rated it it was amazing Shelves: This is an interim review. I find that portions of this book are absoutely profound and very profetic.
Until I began reading Rand's book I thought I had a good grasp on my volcabulary but her book has proven me wrong. I have paused my reading and will do it on my computer as it will enable me to immediatley research some of the words she used that frankly I had never heard of before let alone understand their meaning. As such the book does NOT flow for me and I therefore find it at times difficul This is an interim review.
As such the book does NOT flow for me and I therefore find it at times difficult to read. If you can get an idea across in 10 words, why use to do so.
I also believe that having a great volcabulary is excellent but what good is it if the reader is not at the same level? I can understand what she is saying but again, continually stopping to look up specific words is not my cup of tea! Still, should others read it?
Sep 28, April Hawkins rated it it was amazing. This is an excellent work by Ayn Rand. Not only is it about philosophy, it's primarily about why philosophy is important. She highlights instances in American life that need addressing with rational philosophy. She also predicts the rise of a dictator in the coming decades Donald Trump? Who knows, but I'm frightened enough to become more active in fighting those who want to destroy man's mind.
Jan 11, Joe Michalak rated it really liked it Shelves: While this doesn't necessarily acheive the same level as the novels, and at times is predictable, it does encourage one to think about the facets of any political belief. A reccomended next step is Walter Block's "Defending the Undefendable" available as a free pdf on the Mises Institute website.
Jul 29, Deepak Malik rated it it was ok. Sep 22, Skylar Burris rated it it was ok Shelves: I rate it only two stars because it was just more of the same sort of thing to be found in her other books; it's not a necessary addition to her works. Nov 07, Bryant Blair rated it really liked it. I really enjoyed this book. However, if someone is new to Rand's writings, I would recommend some of her other works as this book tends to go a little deeper on her philosophy.
Ayn Rand was an amazing thinker, and I am glad to have read this book! Jul 25, Zell rated it it was amazing. I know I have. However, there are other points that I highlighted that got me thinking on the absurdity of her thoughts. Ok, I might have some sort of a love-hate relationship with this book. Hence, the 5 stars. I believe these two words are the ones that she detests the most when it comes to dealing with philosophy. I understand why and I agree to some part of it.
For the time being, this criticism of hers is somewhat of a revelation for me. If I were to be as radical as Ayn Rand, my previous perception and conclusion regarding the relevance of philosophy on faith OR the relevance of faith on philosophy would have immediately been cancelled. But I would still want to believe that faith and philosophy could still be correlated with one another. A personal value that I have inculcated within myself is with regards to the content in Chapter Causality Versus Duty.
Most people would just do whatever it is commanded to them without thinking about the goal that stems from their actions. All personal desires are banished. Ok, maybe I should look at the issue through something small.
Just think about being ordered to water the plants. Why should I obey to such an order? Doing something without a purpose and goal is…blind. Jun 23, Michael rated it it was amazing. Abstract principles are a part of our life whether we acknowledge it or not. That is the message of Ayn Rand's book, "Philosophy: Who Needs It. This book is particularly significant today since capitalism is being challenged on a moral basis, especially from the radical environmental movement.
This movement is trying to use emotionalism as a method Abstract principles are a part of our life whether we acknowledge it or not.
What I liked most in particular is Ayn Rand's statement that one has a right to live for one's own sake--and no one else. Rand's view is that capitalism and individualism must be argued on a moral basis, not on an economic one. The economic argument is that capitalism promotes economic growth, and thus, for this reason alone, it must be tolerated.
Instead, Ayn Rand's view is that, regardless of the economics, one has a right to live for their own sake, and for the sake of others.
A person cannot be compelled to be a slave nor enslave others. The current welfare system, for instance, requires that one take on unearned obligations to others, and thus, one is living one's life for that of another. Further, Ayn Rand also discusses how our current mixed economy system read: Social Security, government-run schools, Medicaid will eventually result in a dictatorship because in order to keep this sytem going, it requires subjecting the individual to the state.
When the individual fails to comply, as is most certainly likely to happen as time goes on, the only way the state will be able to enforce the rule of altruism is at the point of a gun. The freest states in America--the ones that believe in individualism, and limited government--have had the highest degree of population growth, economic growth thus, more productivity from the most productive , and, I dare say, happiness since they are able to pursue their happiness to the maximum extent, without government-control.
Oct 14, Alex Lee rated it really liked it Shelves: This is the last book of Ayn Rand I intend to read.
Her rigidity philosophically comes out here, to the point of being incoherent. She claims that philosophy is king -- conceptualization is necessary for living a full life, and yet her insistence on Objectivism, that Truth can be calibrated to through your raw senses is absolutely incoherent.
Hence we have anti-conceptualization at the heart of Rand's conceptual philosophy. What I find to be of interest is that despite her rigidity she makes fairl This is the last book of Ayn Rand I intend to read. What I find to be of interest is that despite her rigidity she makes fairly adequate characterizations of other's philosophies, hypocrisies and thoughts Rand doesn't seem to understand that the problems inherent within philosophy are different, that philosophers are attempting to answer different thoughts in different ways.
She doesn't get why anyone else would say anything different than she does. And she doesn't seem to have any feeling other than claiming that others speak from hatred of reality. Rand lives her Soviet terror seemingly in nearly every essay that she shows passion, claiming that her detractors and various anti-conceptual individuals are the same people as her tormentors in Soviet Russia. While she is intelligent, her remarks are often consistent with her dogma, making her unintelligible.
Her main fascination for me was to mine her ideas and utilize them as coherency points. I use her rigidity as a metric to gauge other people's works against. Reading these essays were jarring sometimes. Systems are often cohered around the minimal difference, a tension inherent within the construction of the system. Rand's system required that she pile all the desirable good things on one side and all the things she didn't like on the other.
Her essays became jarring because her simplistic language would often topple in her reasoning and she would be left with repeating herself over and over without being able to give any difference between one side and the other.
This led her to babble, which was annoying and jarring because her dogma broke the flow of her essays. In a way, reading Rand is like watching a bad movie.
Rand has good aspects in her deployment at times, and she shows you what not to do, or conversely, how to ruin an idea by drawing it too forcefully. I am done reading her, I have had enough. She can say no more. Oct 04, Brent McCulley rated it liked it Shelves: In "Philosophy: Who Needs It," Ayn Rand, through a collection of some of her lectures and essays which were compiled posthumously, revisits a lot of her objectivist philosophy that is more eloquently outlined in her book The Virtue of Selfishness.
Notwithstanding Rand's seething loath for Kantian epistemology and metaphysics - wh In "Philosophy: Notwithstanding Rand's seething loath for Kantian epistemology and metaphysics - which she makes abundantly clear throughout the first twelve or thirteen essays - Rand has a affable quality in her writing, despite her coarse prose, which often comes off as arrogance.
Even still, the books treatment of reason, as the foundation for metaphysics is made clear the first ten essays, but she takes the last four or five essays dealing with political-theory, and discussed subjects from economics and moral cause vs. Since a lot of this book is just re-hashed objectivism, if one has already read her other works which make her philosophy very clear such as The Virtue of Selfishness and Capitalism: Dec 11, Jason rated it it was ok.
There are a few things that are made explicitly clear by this collection of Rand's works: It's easy to see how narcissists use her philosophy to justify their own self-perceived magnificence, because she is their patron saint. I'll leave number 1 alone, because quite frankly I'm not quite equipped to handle it, mainly due to the fact that my cognitive capacities were reduced to TV fuzz the longer she prattled on about each man's work.
Which is There are a few things that are made explicitly clear by this collection of Rand's works: Which is not to say that I necessarily disagree with her viewpoint, it is just that I frequently get distracted by her insistence on quoting her own shit. Did you know that she wrote Atlas Shrugged? No problem. Because she will tell you over and over and over and over Which brings me to the second point. Rand ultimately has many important things to say regarding personal responsibility and self-worth, but her utter lack of humility discredits her to many.
The fact that entire pieces are dedicated to the evisceration of book reviews as opposed to the actually source material, because she chooses to not go philosophically "slumming," is ridiculous and academically ill-conceived.
Unless, of course, you believe everything you write or do is "gold, Jerry! I told you she wrote Atlas Shrugged, right? I'm done. I get it. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Readers Also Enjoyed. About Ayn Rand.
Ayn Rand. Alisa Rosenbaum was born in pre-revolutionary St. Petersburg to a prosperous Jewish family. When the Bolsheviks requisitioned the pharmacy owned by her father, Fronz, the Rosenbaums fled to the Crimea. Alisa returned to the city renamed Leningrad to attend the university, but in relatives who had already settled in America offered her the chance of joining them there. With money from the sa Alisa Rosenbaum was born in pre-revolutionary St.
With money from the sale of her mother's jewelry, Alisa bought a ticket to New York. On arrival at Ellis Island, she changed into Ayn after a name of some Finnish author, probably "Aino" Rand which she said was an abbreviation of her Russian surname. She moved swiftly to Hollywood, where she learned English, worked in the RKO wardrobe department and as an extra, and wrote through the night on screenplays and novels.
She also married a bit-part actor called Frank O'Connor because he was 'beautiful' - and because her original visitor's visa had run out. Rand sold her first screenplay in , but nobody would buy her first novel We the Living a melodrama set in Russia. Her first real success was The Fountainhead rejected by more than ten publishers before publication in She started a new philosophy known as Objectivism, opposed to state interference of all kinds, and her follow-up novel Atlas Shrugged describes a group who attempt to escape America's conspiracy of mediocrity.
Objectivism has been an influence on various other movements such as Libertarianism, and Rand's vocal support for Laissez-faire Capitalism and the free market has earned her a distinct spot among American philosophers, and philosophers in general. Books by Ayn Rand. Trivia About Philosophy: Who N It was the last book on which Rand worked during her lifetime. Rand had begun work on the collection prior to her death, but the final editing was handled by her heir, Leonard Peikoff.
Most of the essays originally appeared in The Ayn Rand Letter. The title essay is an address given to the graduating class of the United States Military Academy on March 6, , in which Rand argues that philosophy plays a central role in all human activities, that every action or thought has certain assumptions, and that humans need to examine those assumptions to live a full, meaningful life. Another speech included is "Faith and Force: The Destroyers of the Modern World", which was delivered at college appearances in The remaining chapters are reprints of articles Rand published in the s, primarily in her periodical The Ayn Rand Letter.
At the time of its release, the book received mostly negative reviews. Rasmussen , writing in The Philosophic Thought of Ayn Rand that the book "does not contain the kind of significant philosophizing found in her earlier works".
Later scholars have also criticized the book, as well as some of its essays. Historian James Baker writes that the volume "lacks the strength to launch any significant project". Smith describes "Causality versus Duty" as "an important essay" describing Rand's views on morality, but criticizes her for another essay in which she criticized the views expressed by philosopher John Rawls in his book A Theory of Justice without having read the book.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Who Needs It Cover of the first edition. Archives Annual: The Newsletter of the Ayn Rand Archives. Archived from the original PDF on The Philosophic Thought of Ayn Rand. University of Illinois Press. Ayn Rand, Objectivists, and the History of Philosophy. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.