just by looking, and a lot of manual work was needed to clean up the drawing. If you want to have PDF reports to have embedded fonts for better support. We will go through the basic functions of Tekla Structures: How to In this training manual we will mainly use the pop-up menu to activate. Tekla 20 - Modeling lesforgesdessalles.info - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File . txt) or read book online.
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Other versions: | | | i | | i | i. Organizer, or reports. If you want to modify the pour units, you can manually add and remove pour unit objects. The manual additions will be kept even if you use. TeklaStructuresModels folder. To create a new model: This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the. Software.
Arial bold Any text that you see in the user interface appears in Arial bold. By pressing the Drawing properties-button, the properties of the drawing e. Warping a Floor Bay 66 slab Switching Xsnap on or off Rotating an object in the z direction
These modifications also remain when the drawing is recreated due to a model change, for example. View properties The second level is to edit on the view level, where you modify selected drawing views. This is the blue frame around a view. Object properties The third and lowest level is to edit on the object level, where you change indi- vidual objects in a drawing. This means changing single objects like dimensions, symbols, part lines, labels, etc.
Representing bolts on GA drawings It is recommended on GA drawings, when you use a very small scale e. Because of this, GA drawings will open faster and you can work faster in the Drawing Editor.
Click on Drawing properties 3. For all the main parts, the Assembly position and the comment will be dis- played in the part marks, for the secondary parts no marks will be displayed 5. When you do want part marks for the secondary parts, you can make use of associative notes, see Associative notes p. The main advantage is that the position of the labels on both single part- and assembly drawings is always equal to the position on GA drawings.
Condition Make use of the correct option for the position of the labels: The notes will be updated automatically when the object changes in the model. Step plan 1. Pick the object and the position 6. View toolbar. Pick the first corner of the detail view. Pick the second corner.
Pick a the position of the detail symbol. Tekla Structures creates the detail view and adds a detail symbol to the orig- inal view: To modify the label properties, double-click the detail symbol: Drawing G1 contains the detail view: Target drawing G2: The detail view contains a ref- The detail view contains a reference erence to the target drawing G2 to the source drawing G1 See also To move section- and detail views, see the step plan in Move views p.
Open the drawing where you want to add a detail view to. Double-click on the icon Create view from model by area. The dialog box View properties appears 3. Draw a frame around the bottom of column on grid-intersection A-2 see image. A small view is created in the down-left side of the drawing. Open the GA-drawing and double-click icon Create view from model view 3.
Click the model view 5. Create a model view on base plate level perspective off. Set the values for the View depth Up and Down 10 mm and mm respectively. Select the desired setting, e. The foundation plan drawing is being generated and will be opened after- wards 5.
Drawing size is to Increase the drawing size: Of course you can also change the values for Xmin, Xmax, Ymin and Ymax in the view properties. Uneven cuts The windbracings are partially displayed, therefore uneven cuts. Some grid lines Select the view and drag the grips of the inner view plane or change the values are not displayed for Xmin, Xmax, Ymin and Ymax in the view properties. On a foundation plan drawing, when there is no these grid lines will not be cut by default.
See image below. A part mark will be added to the profile by default, but this mark can be removed easily afterwards. Create a model view on base plate level. Set the option Show as anchor bolt plan in de listbox to Yes and enter a scale for the enlarged parts 5. In the model Position of the yellow and purple colored point of the column, they are used as a reference.
In the drawing The view which represents the enlarged part is positioned to the original view The parts in the original to finally only display the view view are hidden which includes the enlarged parts. You will see that column is positioned correct to the grid because the yellow and the purple colored point are in the correct position.
In case they are positioned for instance in the centre of the column: The position of the view which includes the enlarged parts is not correct! In the following example you will an anchor bolt make anchor rods and cast plates visible in an anchor bolt plan. Define the name of the GA drawing filter. Press the Filter If the column is rotated relative to the drawing, the rotation is automatically dimensioned as well.
Enlarged part view scale Detail view 1. Click Detail view In tabs Detail boundary and Detail mark you can set the views which includes the enlarged parts: Select allow you to select grids or individual grid lines in drawings: Double-click a grid or grid line to change its properties. This is useful when you want to: You can now define different locations for the labels at each end of a grid or grid line.
This is useful for example when you want all the grid label frames to be the same size no matter whether there are one or two digits in the frame. This gives the grid a consistent appear- ance. The default value is zero, which indicates that the width of the grid label frame depends on the width of the grid label. To increase or decrease the width of the frame, enter the desired value in millimeters, in this exam- ple, value 12 has been used: By default, the grid marks overlap.
Changing the length of one grid line makes each mark distinct. Also the grid line marks can be moved: Click the foundation plan view. The grid lines will be dimensioned in X and Y direction.
It makes use of semi-auto- matic GA dimensioning. This is a special dimensioning type you only use for GA drawings and it contains several dimensioning options: Step plan: Select the icon Select drawing parts: Intersection points only creates dimensions for points where two parts intersect. Intersection and reference points creates dimensions for points where two parts intersect, and to the ref- erence points of the selected parts. Part Defines whether Tekla Structures dimensions all the selected parts or only main parts Combine Defines how Tekla Structures combines dimensions, see also Tekla Structures Help F1 Uses Defines whether Tekla Structures uses the reference line or the center line as a dimension point.
Parallel dimension Add dimension point Perpendicular dimension Remove dimension point Dimension in X direction Combine dimension lines Dimension in Y direction Link dimension lines Ortho dimension Unlink dimension lines Free dimension Remove dimension point circle Curved radial dimension Remove all dimension point circles Angle dimension Remove mark change cloud Radius dimension Remove all mark change clouds Remove dimension point cloud Remove all dimension point clouds See also For more information about dimensioning, see the Tekla Structures Help F1.
Change the side of outside dimensions When measuring short dimensions in Tekla Structures and when the location of the dimension text is set to outside of the dimension lines, you can now select on which side of the extension line the dimension text is placed.
This makes drawing editing easier and faster. To change the side of outside dimensions: Select the dimension. Tekla Structures changes the side of the dimension text. Because of that they will not jump to any position on the drawing anymore when for example another view is added, by the way, this also applies for the marks! Create all the dimensions on the drawing 2. Set the toolbar Drawings: Select as follows: Select all dimensions 4. All dimensions are now fixed. Dimension tags are fully associated to the objects the dimension belongs to and they are available for all dimension types.
This extra information in the drawings will be automatically updated with any changes made in the model. How to use To add associative marks as text into dimensions tags: These level marks can be manipulated in drawings manually.
If you have created a level mark of mm in a drawing, you can enter a Datum level of , for example. The result is a level mark of mm. Changing the 1. In the Drawing Editor, open dialog box Drawing properties and click on reference point the button View; or double-click a view go to the tab Attributes 2. Select the option Specified in the listbox Datum point for elevations: Enter a value in the field Datum level. So while generating drawings, making use of the Wizard, after drawings an Autosave file is created.
This function only works for generating drawings, making use of the Wizard, not for editing drawings in the Drawing Editor. Save drawings When editing drawings you must save the drawing by clicking the icon. Basically, numbering the model one time is sufficient. After modifying the model, numbering has to be repeated!
Tekla Structures now: After all, the drawing has not been changed, so it is not necessary to save the drawing Exercise Select or create a filter and generate Single part drawings of all parts.
But maybe even more important is how to create the right settings for your single part drawings! All sub dialog boxes can now be changed. If you apply changes to a single part- or an assembly drawing manually adding dimensions, etc. If this drawing needs to be re-generated, making use of the desired setting, the setting needs to be loaded first.
See also For more information about settings in the sub-dialogs, see the Tekla Structures Online Help. After all, the drawing has not been changed, so it is not necessary to save the drawing Exercise Create assembly drawings for Columns, Beams, Box girders, Windbracings Choose or create a proper filter and generate the assembly drawings!
But maybe even more important is how to create the right settings for your assembly drawings! All sub dialog boxes can now be modified. See also For more information about the sub-dialogs, see the Tekla Structures Help.
Exercise Create assembly drawings of the columns like you usually create a drawing. Do the same for the beams, the windbracings and the box girders! Graphical objects can be placed on random locations, or with help of fixed coordinates. Add a rectangle on a random location 1. Open a drawing 2.
Drawing 3. The following dialog box appears. In frame Line, the line type, color and bulge can be set. In frame Fill, a hatch type and color can be set 5. Now pick two points and the rectangle will be placed 8. Double-click the rectangle to change its properties 9. To resize the rectangle, select the rectangle and drag a vertex or midpoint. Point 2 Work plane Point 1 Step plan 1. Enter the coordinates of the first point 1 relative to the position of the work plane 25,25 3.
Text strings can be added using the icons in the Drawing: Text toolbar. It is also possible to add a text by inserting a text file. Text 2. There are several icons to add text with or without a leader line, text along a line, etc.
The dialog below will appear: In frame Text, the text string can be entered. Also a frame and arrow can be added to the text string. Make sure that all buttons in the Snap settings toolbar are pressed, so that the text string can be placed at any position in the drawing 8. Pick a point in the drawing, the text string will be placed 9. Double-click the text string to change the properties To move the text string, select the string and drag it with the left mouse but- ton Using symbols in When using text in drawings you have the possibility to add symbols to this text text e.
Add a text to a drawing 2. The Symbol Editor opens. In Tekla Structures by default several symbol files are available. These files are stored in drive: Double-click on the text, the following dialog box appears: Enter here: The dialog box below will appear: Look up the file you want to add to the drawing. Make sure that all buttons in the Snap settings toolbar are switched on, so that the text file can be placed at any position in the drawing 8.
Pick a random point in the drawing; the text will be added The properties of the text file can be edited by double clicking the frame. To modify the text content, double-click the text content. A word processor linked to the file extension will be opened. To move the text, select the frame around the text and drag the frame. Tekla Structures Reports can also placed on drawings. An example of a symbol can be a foundation detail, see image below: Creating a 1.
By default, some symbol libraries are available in Tekla Structures. When double-clicking file user. A symbol can be opened by double-clicking. The symbol will appear on the right side and can be edited. Inserting a 1. Open a drawing symbol 2.
At input field File, the name of the file has to be entered in this example: Click a symbol you want to insert. Possibly, change the other properties in the dialog, like tab Appearance 7. Pick a point on the drawing, the symbol will be placed on that position The properties of the symbol can be changed by double clicking the frame around the symbol or double clicking a line of the symbol The dialog below appears: You can edit the properties in Scaling and Frame 4.
Copy or move the file to the model folder and remove the path. This way no problems in finding the file can occur, for example when the model is send to a third party like a customer 7. The properties of the file can be changed by double clicking the frame The boundary does not have to be a line.
For example, it can be a part, arc or rectangle. Cutting To cut a line: The dialog box Seg- ments appears: There are several methods of generating Multi drawings. For all methods counts that the properties for the Multi drawing have to be set first. Follow the instructions to fill the blank sheet: Open the multi drawing from the drawing list 3.
Select the drawing s which you want to copy to the multi drawing 4. The views are placed on top of each other on the drawing. It can happen that some views do not fit into the drawing. In that case, modify the drawing size or decrease the amount of views the highest numbers. A possible part list is not updated right away. This is done when the draw- ing is saved and closed.
Select drawings 1. From the Drawing list, select the drawings which you want to copy on the which you want multi drawing to collect on a multi drawing 2. On this drawing are copied the drawings you selected in the drawing list Select parts in the 1. Select parts in the model which you want to collect on a multi drawing model which you want to collect on 2. On this drawing are copied views from the to the model parts associated drawing views The multi drawings are recognizable in the drawing list with a M.
The M-charac- ter stands for Multi. The name of the drawing can be changed afterwards. After changing the name, save the drawing and close it. The proce- dure how to achieve this: Open de last multi drawing 2. Remember which assembly- or part numbers are placed on this drawing 3. Open the penultimate multi drawing 4. Open the drawing list 5. Select the assembly- or single part drawing s which have to be linked to the opened multi drawing 6.
Lists on the drawing will not be filled properly! When collecting drawings, always use a Multi drawing! If you want to collect more then one part on a drawing, always use a Multi drawing to do this! If listbox Size definition mode is set to Fixed size, a drawing size can be speci- fied. If Size definition mode is set to Autosize, Tekla Structures will determine a size max.
Tekla Structures can not autosize if the listbox Layout is left blank, see picture below: Do not use spaces in setting names! The file that has been created will be stored in the model folder, in the Attributes-folder. Currently, the setting can only be used in the active project. If you want to use the setting in other projects too, you need to copy the setting file to the Tekla Structures system folder: It is not necessary to delete and recreate all drawings.
Let the Assemblydrawing Properties-dialog stay open. The selected drawings will now be modified according to the new drawing set- ting. This procedure also works for Single Part drawings. However, GA-drawings have to be made manually. The wizard-files are small programs.
In a wizard file can be set which drawings have to be made and with which settings they have to be made. Be sure that the model is fully numbered 2. Select the parts where drawings have to be generated from 3. Generation of drawings will start or 1. These are only for more clarification for the user. Here is set which drawing type will be generated.
The options are: Here is set which drawing setting will be used for generat- ing the drawings. If single is set in the 1st line, then the Wizard will search for a setting file with the extension wd. In the example above, the setting plate. Here is set which filter is going to be used.
The filter makes that the right parts are selected. Starts the generation of drawings. This line is always the same. This wiz- ard is set up in a way that drawings are generated from all parts, no parts can be left out by this wizard.
Exercise Create a wizard named tube that fulfils the following conditions: Of course, this setting should be available in other projects, so the wizard file must be copied to the folder: You can also sort, select, and display drawings according to different criteria, and print lists of certain drawings, for example.
You can also use the drawing list to find the connections between the drawings and the parts in the model. The buttons on the right of the Drawing list dialog box are used to control the drawings in the dialog box.
Select multiple To select multiple drawings in the drawing list: To do this, select an option from the or select drawing set dropdown list. For example, if you wish to see general arrangement drawings only, select GA drawings from the or select drawing set dropdown list. You can use this variable to indicate which drawings, for example, have been send to an architect: The status information is displayed in the column Drawing status in the drawing list, you can select on this.
You need to add select filters to the drawing list by yourself, by default the select filters Final, For checking en For approval are added to the drawing list to display and select drawings.
To assign a status to one or more drawings, select one or more drawing s , i. Make use of the button to switch off all checkboxes in one go, now check the field Drawing status. Enter a status in the field Drawing status in the User defined attribute for the selected drawing s , for example For checking.
For checking So the select filter For checking must at least contain the text check. This means that you can also enter forchecking but not For Ch.. Final The select filter Final must at least contain the text final. For approval The select filter For approval must at least contain the text approval. The status information will be displayed in the column Drawing status in the drawing list, you can select on this by using the select filter For checking, for example: Searching and using search groups Search You can use searching to find drawings quickly.
You can now quickly find the drawings you need using text-based search by entering your criteria in the Enter search criteria field. You can limit the searches by columns by entering the name of the column in the Search in field. To limit the search to the currently visible drawings, select the option Search within the currently visible drawings.
The searches are saved in the DrawingListSearches in the model folder. After you have saved the search and re-opened the dialog box Drawing list, it shows among the predefined draw- ing sets. Only searches can be saved. Double- clicking a drawing has the same effect. Select an object and move the mouse pointer on the Mini Toolbar. See also Customizing Mini Toolbar p. Hold down the Ctrl key while dragging the toolbar. The Mini Toolbar contains commands for modifying the most common object properties.
Drag a toolbar beyond the program window Resize a floating toolbar See also Toolbars p. To Move a toolbar Do this Click the handle on the left or upper edge of a docked toolbar or the title bar of a floating toolbar. To show or hide the Mini Toolbar. Select the elements you wish to show or hide. Hold the mouse pointer over an edge of the toolbar until the pointer changes into a double-ended arrow. Mini Toolbar p. Tekla Structures displays the appropriate dialog box Dialog boxes You can use dialog boxes to modify object properties.
The following image illustrates the most common elements in dialog boxes: If you click any command or a button that has three dots in its name. To select an option. Settings that can be set in any combination are usually displayed as small square buttons. Related settings that allow only one selection at a time.
When a check box is selected. A collection of options in a list. Tekla Structures changes only the corresponding value of the selected objects. Modifies the selected objects without retaining the properties Fills the dialog box with the properties of the selected object Toggles all the modify filter check boxes on and off Closes the dialog box without retaining the properties or modifying the objects Buttons Fields Dialog box elements Dialog boxes may have the following elements: An I-shaped blinking cursor appears at the beginning of the field and marks your typing position.
Click the field to activate it. Radio button List box Check box Modify filter check box The check boxes located in front of the dialog box fields indicate the properties that are modified when you click the Modify button. Use to display. Fills the dialog box with the properties of the selected object. Closes the dialog box without retaining the properties in the dialog box or modifying objects.
See also Dialog box elements p. Creates a new object using the properties in the dialog box. This makes the dialog boxes easier to use. Enter characters from the name of the object you are looking for. The common buttons are: Button Description Retains the properties in the dialog box without closing the dialog box. Toggles all the modify filter check boxes in the dialog box on and off. When you select a list item.
Tekla Structures uses these properties the next time you create an object of this type. When you select several objects. The list can have both horizontal and vertical scrollbars for scrolling the visible portion of the list items. Use the Down and Up arrow keys to move the highlight to the item you want to select.
Moving from tab to tab does not affect the information they contain. Element Filter Example Description Use to filter object names. Retains the properties in the dialog box and closes the dialog box. A list of options. There are two ways to select an item on the list: Common buttons Most of the Tekla Structures dialog boxes contain common buttons.
Modifies the selected objects using the properties in the dialog box. Displays the help topics for the dialog box. Tekla Structures takes the properties at random from one of the selected objects. These buttons mean the same thing in all dialog boxes. Tekla Structures also loads the properties of subdialog boxes. The file extensions are different for different dialog boxes. Save See also Saving dialog box properties p.
This is important if you add or delete files manually. In the field next to the Save as button. For more information. In the dialog box. Tekla Structures saves all information on all tabs to the designated file. Tekla Structures saves the properties in the file shown in the list box. Load Loads all previously stored properties to the dialog box. Button Save as Description Stores the dialog box properties with the name given in the field.
Click Save as. You can select the name of the file you want to use from the list box. Tekla Structures stores the properties files in the model folder. Stores the modifications of properties.
The Save as button also updates the Load list box. The common buttons located at the top and bottom of a dialog box affect all the tabs in the dialog box.
The files also include the properties in subdialog boxes. See also Common buttons p. You can use these buttons to save the information from the dialog box to a file.
Save as Many Tekla Structures dialog boxes have the Save. Tekla Structures contains three types of tooltips: Basic tooltips Basic tooltips only display the name of the command. The enhanced tooltips are switched on by default. To display the corresponding menu tooltip. They also give examples. See also In the list box next to the Load button.
See also Loading dialog box properties p. Click Load. Save as p. Save as p.. To show or hide the enhanced tooltips. Menu tooltips Menu tooltips provide the same functionality as the enhanced tooltips.
If the enhanced tooltips are switched on. On the basis of the information in the enhanced tooltip you are able to decide whether the command is the one that you need for your current task.
The menu tooltips are displayed in a separate window. To overwrite an existing set of properties. Saving dialog box properties p. You can also open the related online help topic by clicking the More.
Enhanced tooltips Enhanced tooltips give more information about the command and how it can be executed. To show or hide the menu tooltips window. The status bar also displays the following information: A message panel appears at the bottom of the Tekla Structures window. Follow the instructions on the status bar when you use commands. Status bar Tekla Structures displays instructions and messages on the status bar located at the bottom of the Tekla Structures window.
SmartSelect S. When you select an object. The command runs until you end it or use another command. See also Repeating a command p. To prevent Tekla Structures from displaying the warning messages again. Running a command To run a command in Tekla Structures.
To get more information about a command and how it can be executed. This means that you can use these commands while another command is still running. You can use some Tekla Structures commands simultaneously. Press Enter. To re-display the warning messages. Click a menu title and then select the command. Warning messages Tekla Structures displays warning messages when necessary.
Right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu. See also Modify the properties. If you do not modify the properties. See also Running a command p. Modify the object properties. Tekla Structures creates the object using the current properties of the object type. To display the current properties of the object type. Open the object properties dialog box.
Press Esc. This section introduces most of the ways. Setting object properties To set the properties of an object: Pick points to place the object in the model. Running a command p. Click Apply or OK. As you become familiar with Tekla Structures. Part properties p. After some practice. Click a toolbar button or a menu command.
Later in this manual. The number of selected objects and handles is displayed in the bottom right corner of the status bar. Tekla Structures highlights the selected objects. When you create a new model object and pick the starting point for it.
Select the object you want to delete. To create several objects with the same properties. The displayed dimensions make it easier to create objects of desired lenght. Select the objects you want to modify. Setting object properties p. Use the modify filter check boxes to indicate which properties should be changed. See also Setting object properties p.
See also Click Modify. Tekla Structures displays the dimensions and dimension lines for the object. Press Delete. For example: Also dimensions and dimension lines are displayed when you select a column or a beam. Do one of the following: Modify the properties. Right-click and select Delete from the pop-up menu. Switching rollover highlight on or off When you move the mouse pointer over objects in rendered model views. Selection switches The selection switches are special commands that control the selection of objects..
Use the selection switches to define which object types can be selected. Tekla Structures highlights the objects in yellow. To show or hide the dimensions. To switch rollover highlight on or off. Tekla Structures only selects welds. For more information on how to use each switch. To select an object and open its pop-up menu. These switches have the highest priority. Selection filter settings also affect which objects you can select.
The selection switches in the Drawing Editor work in the same way as the ones in the Model Editor. The following selection switches are available in the Drawing Editor: The other selection switches control which object types can be selected.
Drawing Editor selection switches The selection switches control which object types can be selected. Model Editor selection switches The main selection switches control whether you can select objects in a component or assembly hierarchy. Selecting single objects To select a single object. To define how area selection works. When the option is on. Hold down the Alt key and drag the mouse from left to right to select the part again. By default. When the option is off. Drag the mouse from left to right to select the part.
Selecting handles To select only the handles of a part: Tekla Structures selects the entire cast unit or assembly that contains the part. Select a part. The status bar shows the steps you take in the hierarchy. See also Part position p. See also Hold down the Alt key. An orange box indicates the assembly or component that you can select. To select and examine nested assemblies or components: Hold down the Shift key.
Assemblies p. Scroll with the mouse wheel. Example If the Select assemblies switch is active. The default value is milliseconds. Tekla Structures deselects the objects that were already selected and selects those that were previously not selected.
To Add objects to the current selection Toggle the selection of an object on or off Do this Press the Shift key and select the objects. If the Select objects in assemblies switch is active. Interrupting object selection This section is for advanced users. See also Click OK.. Define the time after which Tekla Structures asks if you want to interrupt object selection. Select all or part of the model. Press the Ctrl key during the selection.
When Tekla Structures asks if you want to interrupt object selection.. See also Assembly hierarchy p. You can have Tekla Structures interrupt the object selection process if the selection takes over a defined period of time. To interrupt object selection: Limitations Tekla Structures does not check for duplicates when you copy objects using a modeling tool. Tekla Structures checks for duplicate objects in the location where you are about to copy or move the objects to. If you copy or move reinforcements or surface treatments and want them to adapt to the part they are copied or moved to: Tekla Structures also checks for duplicates if you create new parts in the same location as an existing part.
Copying creates a new object. Pick the origin for copying. Moving relocates the existing object. The parts between which you copy or move must have the same number of cross section corners. Duplicate objects When you copy or move objects. Copying an object To copy an object: Tekla Structures cannot create mirrored copies of connection properties.. If you copy or move objects from an assembly or cast unit. If duplicates are found. Tekla Structures copies the assembly structure as well.. Circular parts must have the same cross section dimensions.
Two objects are considered duplicates if they have the same orientation and the same size of bounding box. Select the object you want to copy.
Tekla Structures also tries to copy connections. To undo the latest copy operation. To stop copying. Select the objects you want to copy. The connections must be surrounded by similar parts to be copied successfully. Tekla Structures copies all the objects that are connected to the object you copy. Ensure that Xsnap is switched on. Pick one or more destination points. To copy an object to a new position using coordinates: Copying an object using coordinates You can use coordinates when placing objects in a new position at a specified distance from the origin.
The Copy command still remains active. The objects are copied immediately. Use the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box to specify the coordinates. Click Copy. If the dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Enter the number of copies.
Hold down the Ctrl key and the mouse button. To copy an object to another plane: Tekla Structures displays the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box automatically. Pick the point of origin of the first plane. Type the distance. Pick two points in the model. The position of the copied objects relative to the second and third. Snapping to a position using coordinates p. See also Click OK Pick a point on the first plane in the positive x direction.
When you start typing. Move the cursor in the direction you want to copy the objects. To copy an object linearly to a new position: Copying an object to another plane You can copy objects from the first plane you specify to the second and third.
You can also use a formula to calculate the x. Copying an object using drag-and-drop To copy an object using drag-and-drop: Close the dialog box. To copy an object to another object: See also Select the objects you want to copy. Select the model to copy from in the Model directories list. Limitations Click Copy. This applies to both model and component parts.. Enter the numbers of the phases from which to copy objects. Copying an object to another object You can copy objects from an object to other similar objects..
Repeat steps 3—5 for all destination planes. Select the object you want to move. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive y direction. Select the object to copy from source object. You cannot import drawings with the model. Pick the origin for moving. The objects that you can copy between can have different dimensions. See also Phases p. Tekla Structures only copies secondary parts from the model if they belong to the same phase as their main part.
Copying and moving objects p. Select the objects to copy to target object. This is useful. Moving an object using coordinates You can use coordinates when placing objects in a new position at a specified distance from the origin.
Tekla Structures also moves the parts or assemblies that use those points. The object is moved immediately. Move the cursor in the direction you want to move the objects. Select the objects you want to move. The Move command does not remain active.
To move an object to a new position using coordinates: Pick a destination point. Tekla Structures also moves the objects that are connected to the object you move. To move the end of an object. Click Move. The moved objects remain in the same position on the second plane as the original objects on the first plane. Moving an object to another plane You can move objects from the first plane you specify to another plane.
Moving an object using drag-and-drop To move an object using drag-and-drop: Repeat steps 3—5 for the destination plane. Tekla Structures displays the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box automatically To move an object to another plane: See also Rotating an object on the work plane p.
Select the objects to move to target object. Select the objects you want to copy or move. Activate the rotation command Moving an object to another object You can move objects from an object to other.
To copy and rotate the objects. Enter the number of copies.. Select the object to move from source object. To move and rotate the objects. Activate the rotation command. To move an object to another object: Enter the dZ value. Select line in the Around list box. Pick the end point of the rotation axis.
Rotation settings p. Positive rotation is according to the right hand rule clockwise when looking from the starting point of the rotation axis. See also To copy and rotate the objects. See also Select the objects you want to move.
Pick a point. Enter the rotation angle. Click Copy or Move. Pick the starting point of the rotation axis.. The objects that you move between can have different dimensions. Select Z in the Around list box. Tekla Structures also displays snap dimensions. Pick the end point of the mirroring plane. Tekla Structures displays snap symbols for the available snap points. Snap priority.
It defines how close you need to pick to hit a position.. See also Enter the number of copies. To move and mirror the objects. When you pick within the snap zone of an object. Select the objects you want to copy or move.. Activate the mirroring command. When you move the mouse pointer over objects. To mirror an object: Tekla Structures automatically snaps to the closest pickable point on that object. To copy and mirror the objects. Pick the starting point of the mirroring plane.
The following options are available: In non-perspective views. Snap switches also define the snap priority of positions. If both these switches are off.
If there is more than one point available to snap to. Enter the snap zone dimension in pixels. You can use snap switches any time Tekla Structures prompts you to specify a point. Auto In perspective views. To control which positions you can pick. Tekla Structures snaps to the position with the highest snap priority.
Click the left mouse button to select the appropriate point. If you pick and hit several positions simultaneously. See also View planes p. Main snap switches The two main snap switches illustrated in the following table define whether you can snap to reference points or any other points on objects.
Snap switches help you to pick points to position objects precisely without having to know the coordinates or create additional lines or points. Snap depth The first list box on the Snapping toolbar defines the depth of each position you pick. Snaps to centers of circles and arcs. You can have Tekla Structures display the snap symbols in the model when you move the mouse pointer over objects. Snaps to end points of lines. Button Snap positions Reference lines and points Description You can snap to object reference points points that have handles.
The snap symbol is green for objects inside components. Button Snap positions Points Description Snaps to points and grid line intersections. Snaps to intersections of lines. Snaps to midpoints of lines.
Snaps to points on objects that form a perpendicular alignment with another object. Small Other snap switches The following table lists the remaining snap switches. Symbol Large Geometry lines and points You can snap to any points on objects. Snapping in orthogonal directions When you use the Ortho tool for snapping. Button Snap positions Nearest point Description Snaps to the nearest points on objects. The cursor turns into a green cross. Click a button on the Snap Override toolbar.
Switching Xsnap on or off To make it easier to snap to points and position. To snap to a position in an orthogonal direction: Snaps to any position. To show or hide the Snap Override toolbar. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. To switch Xsnap on or off: Symbol Line extensions Free To show or hide the snap symbols.
Snaps to the line extensions of nearby objects. Overriding the current snap switch To temporarily override the current snap switch settings. Tekla Structures displays an angle symbol to indicate the direction of snapping. The snapping precision depends on the current zoom level. The mouse pointer automatically snaps to positions at even distances in the given direction. To snap to the extension line of another object: Tekla Structures displays line extensions in blue color.
Ensure that the Snap to line extensions snap switch is active. This can be useful. Snapping to part extension lines You can snap to the extension lines of nearby objects. When snapping in orthogonal directions. Locking a coordinate You can lock the x. Creating a temporary reference point You can create a temporary reference point to use as a local origin when snapping in models or drawings. This is useful when you need to determine a point to pick and the needed point does not exist on the line.
Temporary reference points can be used in combination with other snapping tools. You can snap to points only in the x direction. Release the Ctrl key and pick the end point. A green cross indicates that this position is now a temporary reference point.
To lock the pointer in the x direction: Pick the starting point. To unlock the coordinate. Repeat step 4 to create as many reference points as needed. To create a temporary reference point: Tekla Structures creates the part between the starting point and the end point. To lock the x coordinate. Hold down the Ctrl key and pick a position. When a coordinate is locked. Snapping to a position using coordinates You can use coordinates when snapping to a position.
You can track along the line towards a snap point. When you have snap switches on and you use a command that requires you to pick positions. The negative sign - does not cause the dialog box to open. You usually use tracking in combination with numeric coordinates and other snapping tools. Tekla Structures displays a green line between the last point picked and the snap point.
Start entering the coordinates using the keyboard. Tracking along a line In the illustration below. See also After entering the coordinates. Coordinate input options p. To snap to a position using coordinates: Coordinate input options The table below explains the types of information you can enter in the Enter a Numeric Location dialog box. Tracking beyond the snap point You can also track beyond the snap point.
Tracking in the opposite direction Track in the opposite direction by entering a negative value. Tekla Structures has two snapping modes. Define the grid spacing intervals in the Spacing fields. See also Snapping to a position using coordinates p. Define offsets for the snap grid origin in the Origin fields. To activate the snap grid. Tekla Structures ignores the third coordinate. You can enter One coordinate Two coordinates Three coordinates Description A distance to an indicated direction.
In drawings. If you omit the last coordinate z or angle. Tekla Structures assumes that the value is 0. Angles increase in the counterclockwise direction. Special character Cartesian coordinates The x. It also presents some basic Tekla Structures vocabulary and concepts that are needed when working with 3D models.
The 3D model contains all the information that is needed to manufacture and construct the structure.
See also Creating a new model p. This ensures that the information in drawings and reports is always up to date. Each model is stored in its own folder in the TeklaStructuresModels folder. In the Model type list box.
Define where to save the new model. In the Model template list box. To select a folder. Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model..
To define the location manually. If you already have a model open. Also enter the name of the server in the Server field. You can only have one model open at a time. Creating a new model You need to create a model for each Tekla Structures project. To create a new model: This model contains all the information about the project. Type a unique name in the Model name field. Do not enter the model name in this field. To save the model in a recently used model folder. To define user-defined attributes.
In the Description field.. Update the project information at the beginning of the project to make reports and drawings display the correct information automatically. You can now use the project properties in drawings and reports. The Project Properties dialog box appears. Enter the project information you want to use. The names in the image below refer to template fields. Click OK to save your changes.
Updating project information You will use project information. All the fields are optional. Tekla Structures creates the model and opens the default model view. It contains some sample entries. To save the project properties as the default properties for this project. To update the project information: The description appears in the Open dialog box. For more information on setting the interval. In the Save as dialog box. Saving a model To save a model..
You can sort models by clicking the column titles. Tekla Structures prompts you to save that model. To open a recently used model folder. When the models are sorted alphabetically by their names. Tekla Structures selects the first model starting with an N.
See also Saving a model with a different name or location p. If you already have a model open.. Click OK to open the model. Tekla Structures prompts you to select one. To open a recently used model. In the Open dialog box. If no views are visible after you have opened a model. Tekla Structures automatically saves the model at set intervals. Tekla Structures creates a new copy with a different name. To search for models in another folder.
In the Model name field. Creating a model template When you create a model template. You can save the desired settings in a model and use that model as a template when you create new models. Create a new model and give it a unique name. Model templates This section is for advanced users. This is because old models cannot be completely cleaned and they might contain quite a lot of information even if you delete all objects from the model.
Any model under the defined folder will be available as a model template if the file TeklaStructuresModel. To create a model template: Add the desired profiles. Do not edit the TeklaStructuresModels. Save the file. Steel framework. Save and close the model. In the new template model folder.
The following illustration identifies the various areas of the Tekla Structures Model Editor window: When you open or create a model. Modify the background color using the following variables: To change the background color in rendered views: To use the default background color.
Status bar displays instructions. See also Close and reopen the view for the change to take effect. Finding RGB values for colors p. You can control the color of each corner of the background separately. RGB values 1. RGB values 0.
Defining the work area makes it faster and easier to work with the model. Work area p. To make the box visible again.. You can define the work area in a selected view. For more information on each command. Objects outside the work area still exist. You can define the work area to suit particular situations. Click OK or Apply. See also Define the work area by following the instructions on the status bar.
To define the work area: See also Defining the work area p. Tekla Structures hides the work area. To make the work area visible again. The current work plane is model-specific.