Ing. Hans-J. Ostermann lesforgesdessalles.info Dannecker / Ostermann: Loopholes in the Machinery Directive /42/EC. 2. Contents . nte/ Binnenmarktleitfaden%lesforgesdessalles.info It can just as easily be e.g. the engineering office. of other directives, e.g. the Low Voltage Directive /95/EC, has been better defined. In respect of Maschinenrichtlinie /42/EG 2 on Page 5: from lesforgesdessalles.info Page 9 (Source: Siemens). 4) Fig. I'd like to recommend the place where everyone could probably find maschinenrichtlinie 42 eg pdf free, but probably, you would need to.
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Richtlinie /42/EG des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates vom Mai über Maschinen und zur Änderung der Richtlinie 95/16/EG (Neufassung). Directive /42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May on machinery, and amending Directive 95/16/EC (recast) (Text with EEA. DIRECTIVE /42/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 May on machinery, and amending Directive.
Where necessary in order to fulfil this requirement, the carrier itself must be completely enclosed with doors fitted with an interlocking device that prevents hazardous movements of the carrier unless the doors are closed. Authentic language. European Union directives. The notified body shall examine these modifications and shall then either confirm the validity of the existing EC type-examination certificate or issue a new one if the modifications are liable to compromise conformity with the essential health and safety requirements or the intended working conditions of the type. However, the content of the correlated parts is not necessarily identical.
Machinery must be fitted with indicators as required for safe operation. The operator must be able to read them from the control position. From each control position, the operator must be able to ensure that no-one is in the danger zones, or the control system must be designed and constructed in such a way that starting is prevented while someone is in the danger zone.
The exposed persons must have time to leave the danger zone or prevent the machinery starting up. If necessary, means must be provided to ensure that the machinery can be controlled only from control positions located in one or more predetermined zones or locations.
Where there is more than one control position, the control system must be designed in such a way that the use of one of them precludes the use of the others, except for stop controls and emergency stops. When machinery has two or more operating positions, each position must be provided with all the required control devices without the operators hindering or putting each other into a hazardous situation.
It must be possible to start machinery only by voluntary actuation of a control device provided for the purpose. However, the restarting of the machinery or a change in operating conditions may be effected by voluntary actuation of a device other than the control device provided for the purpose, on condition that this does not lead to a hazardous situation. For machinery functioning in automatic mode, the starting of the machinery, restarting after a stoppage, or a change in operating conditions may be possible without intervention, provided this does not lead to a hazardous situation.
Where machinery has several starting control devices and the operators can therefore put each other in danger, additional devices must be fitted to rule out such risks. Machinery must be fitted with a control device whereby the machinery can be brought safely to a complete stop. Each workstation must be fitted with a control device to stop some or all of the functions of the machinery, depending on the existing hazards, so that the machinery is rendered safe.
Once the machinery or its hazardous functions have stopped, the energy supply to the actuators concerned must be cut off. Where, for operational reasons, a stop control that does not cut off the energy supply to the actuators is required, the stop condition must be monitored and maintained. Machinery must be fitted with one or more emergency stop devices to enable actual or impending danger to be averted. Once active operation of the emergency stop device has ceased following a stop command, that command must be sustained by engagement of the emergency stop device until that engagement is specifically overridden; it must not be possible to engage the device without triggering a stop command; it must be possible to disengage the device only by an appropriate operation, and disengaging the device must not restart the machinery but only permit restarting.
The emergency stop function must be available and operational at all times, regardless of the operating mode. Emergency stop devices must be a back-up to other safeguarding measures and not a substitute for them. In the case of machinery or parts of machinery designed to work together, the machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that the stop controls, including the emergency stop devices, can stop not only the machinery itself but also all related equipment, if its continued operation may be dangerous.
The control or operating mode selected must override all other control or operating modes, with the exception of the emergency stop. Each position of the selector must be clearly identifiable and must correspond to a single operating or control mode. The selector may be replaced by another selection method which restricts the use of certain functions of the machinery to certain categories of operator. If these four conditions cannot be fulfilled simultaneously, the control or operating mode selector must activate other protective measures designed and constructed to ensure a safe intervention zone.
In addition, the operator must be able to control operation of the parts he is working on from the adjustment point. The interruption, the re-establishment after an interruption or the fluctuation in whatever manner of the power supply to the machinery must not lead to dangerous situations.
Machinery and its components and fittings must be stable enough to avoid overturning, falling or uncontrolled movements during transportation, assembly, dismantling and any other action involving the machinery. If the shape of the machinery itself or its intended installation does not offer sufficient stability, appropriate means of anchorage must be incorporated and indicated in the instructions.
The various parts of machinery and their linkages must be able to withstand the stresses to which they are subject when used. The durability of the materials used must be adequate for the nature of the working environment foreseen by the manufacturer or his authorised representative, in particular as regards the phenomena of fatigue, ageing, corrosion and abrasion.
The instructions must indicate the type and frequency of inspections and maintenance required for safety reasons. They must, where appropriate, indicate the parts subject to wear and the criteria for replacement.
Where the material to be processed is fed to the tool automatically, the following conditions must be fulfilled to avoid risks to persons:.
Insofar as their purpose allows, accessible parts of the machinery must have no sharp edges, no sharp angles and no rough surfaces likely to cause injury.
Where the machinery is intended to carry out several different operations with manual removal of the piece between each operation combined machinery , it must be designed and constructed in such a way as to enable each element to be used separately without the other elements constituting a risk for exposed persons.
For this purpose, it must be possible to start and stop separately any elements that are not protected. Where the machinery performs operations under different conditions of use, it must be designed and constructed in such a way that selection and adjustment of these conditions can be carried out safely and reliably. The moving parts of machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to prevent risks of contact which could lead to accidents or must, where risks persist, be fitted with guards or protective devices.
All necessary steps must be taken to prevent accidental blockage of moving parts involved in the work. In cases where, despite the precautions taken, a blockage is likely to occur, the necessary specific protective devices and tools must, when appropriate, be provided to enable the equipment to be safely unblocked.
The instructions and, where possible, a sign on the machinery shall identify these specific protective devices and how they are to be used. Choice of protection against risks arising from moving parts. Guards or protective devices designed to protect against risks arising from moving parts must be selected on the basis of the type of risk.
The following guidelines must be used to help to make the choice. Guards designed to protect persons against the hazards generated by moving transmission parts must be:. Guards or protective devices designed to protect persons against the hazards generated by moving parts involved in the process must be:. However, when certain moving parts directly involved in the process cannot be made completely inaccessible during operation owing to operations requiring operator intervention, such parts must be fitted with:.
When a part of the machinery has been stopped, any drift away from the stopping position, for whatever reason other than action on the control devices, must be prevented or must be such that it does not present a hazard. In addition, guards must, where possible, protect against the ejection or falling of materials or objects and against emissions generated by the machinery. Fixed guards must be fixed by systems that can be opened or removed only with tools. Their fixing systems must remain attached to the guards or to the machinery when the guards are removed.
Where possible, guards must be incapable of remaining in place without their fixings. Where it is possible for an operator to reach the danger zone before the risk due to the hazardous machinery functions has ceased, movable guards must be associated with a guard locking device in addition to an interlocking device that:. Interlocking movable guards must be designed in such a way that the absence or failure of one of their components prevents starting or stops the hazardous machinery functions.
Adjustable guards restricting access to those areas of the moving parts strictly necessary for the work must be:. Protective devices must be designed and incorporated into the control system in such a way that:.
Where machinery has an electricity supply, it must be designed, constructed and equipped in such a way that all hazards of an electrical nature are or can be prevented. Where machinery is powered by source of energy other than electricity, it must be so designed, constructed and equipped as to avoid all potential risks associated with such sources of energy.
Where a faulty connection can be the source of risk, incorrect connections must be made impossible by design or, failing this, by information given on the elements to be connected and, where appropriate, on the means of connection.
Steps must be taken to eliminate any risk of injury arising from contact with or proximity to machinery parts or materials at high or very low temperatures. The necessary steps must also be taken to avoid or protect against the risk of hot or very cold material being ejected. Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to avoid any risk of fire or overheating posed by the machinery itself or by gases, liquids, dust, vapours or other substances produced or used by the machinery.
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to avoid any risk of explosion posed by the machinery itself or by gases, liquids, dust, vapours or other substances produced or used by the machinery. Machinery must comply, as far as the risk of explosion due to its use in a potentially explosive atmosphere is concerned, with the provisions of the specific Community Directives. Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that risks resulting from the emission of airborne noise are reduced to the lowest level, taking account of technical progress and the availability of means of reducing noise, in particular at source.
The level of noise emission may be assessed with reference to comparative emission data for similar machinery. Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that risks resulting from vibrations produced by the machinery are reduced to the lowest level, taking account of technical progress and the availability of means of reducing vibration, in particular at source.
The level of vibration emission may be assessed with reference to comparative emission data for similar machinery. Undesirable radiation emissions from the machinery must be eliminated or be reduced to levels that do not have adverse effects on persons. Any functional ionising radiation emissions must be limited to the lowest level which is sufficient for the proper functioning of the machinery during setting, operation and cleaning.
Where a risk exists, the necessary protective measures must be taken. Any functional non-ionising radiation emissions during setting, operation and cleaning must be limited to levels that do not have adverse effects on persons.
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that external radiation does not interfere with its operation. Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that risks of inhalation, ingestion, contact with the skin, eyes and mucous membranes and penetration through the skin of hazardous materials and substances which it produces can be avoided. Where a hazard cannot be eliminated, the machinery must be so equipped that hazardous materials and substances can be contained, evacuated, precipitated by water spraying, filtered or treated by another equally effective method.
Machinery must be designed, constructed or fitted with a means of preventing a person from being enclosed within it or, if that is impossible, with a means of summoning help. Parts of the machinery where persons are liable to move about or stand must be designed and constructed in such a way as to prevent persons slipping, tripping or falling on or off these parts. Where appropriate, these parts must be fitted with handholds that are fixed relative to the user and that enable them to maintain their stability.
Machinery in need of protection against the effects of lightning while being used must be fitted with a system for conducting the resultant electrical charge to earth.
Adjustment and maintenance points must be located outside danger zones. It must be possible to carry out adjustment, maintenance, repair, cleaning and servicing operations while machinery is at a standstill.
In the case of automated machinery and, where necessary, other machinery, a connecting device for mounting diagnostic fault-finding equipment must be provided. Automated machinery components which have to be changed frequently must be capable of being removed and replaced easily and safely.
Access to the components must enable these tasks to be carried out with the necessary technical means in accordance with a specified operating method. Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to allow access in safety to all areas where intervention is necessary during operation, adjustment and maintenance of the machinery.
Machinery must be fitted with means to isolate it from all energy sources. Such isolators must be clearly identified.
They must be capable of being locked if reconnection could endanger persons. Isolators must also be capable of being locked where an operator is unable, from any of the points to which he has access, to check that the energy is still cut off.
In the case of machinery capable of being plugged into an electricity supply, removal of the plug is sufficient, provided that the operator can check from any of the points to which he has access that the plug remains removed.
After the energy is cut off, it must be possible to dissipate normally any energy remaining or stored in the circuits of the machinery without risk to persons.
As an exception to the requirement laid down in the previous paragraphs, certain circuits may remain connected to their energy sources in order, for example, to hold parts, to protect information, to light interiors, etc.
In this case, special steps must be taken to ensure operator safety. Machinery must be so designed, constructed and equipped that the need for operator intervention is limited. If operator intervention cannot be avoided, it must be possible to carry it out easily and safely. The machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that it is possible to clean internal parts which have contained dangerous substances or preparations without entering them; any necessary unblocking must also be possible from the outside.
If it is impossible to avoid entering the machinery, it must be designed and constructed in such a way as to allow cleaning to take place safely. Information and warnings on the machinery should preferably be provided in the form of readily understandable symbols or pictograms. The information needed to control machinery must be provided in a form that is unambiguous and easily understood.
It must not be excessive to the extent of overloading the operator. Visual display units or any other interactive means of communication between the operator and the machine must be easily understood and easy to use. Where the health and safety of persons may be endangered by a fault in the operation of unsupervised machinery, the machinery must be equipped in such a way as to give an appropriate acoustic or light signal as a warning.
Where machinery is equipped with warning devices these must be unambiguous and easily perceived. The operator must have facilities to check the operation of such warning devices at all times.
The requirements of the specific Community Directives concerning colours and safety signals must be complied with.
Where risks remain despite the inherent safe design measures, safeguarding and complementary protective measures adopted, the necessary warnings, including warning devices, must be provided. All machinery must be marked visibly, legibly and indelibly with the following minimum particulars:. It is prohibited to pre-date or post-date the machinery when affixing the CE marking. Furthermore, machinery designed and constructed for use in a potentially explosive atmosphere must be marked accordingly.
Machinery must also bear full information relevant to its type and essential for safe use. Where a machine part must be handled during use with lifting equipment, its mass must be indicated legibly, indelibly and unambiguously. By way of exception, the maintenance instructions intended for use by specialised personnel mandated by the manufacturer or his authorised representative may be supplied in only one Community language which the specialised personnel understand.
General principles for the drafting of instructions. The instructions must be drafted in one or more official Community languages. The contents of the instructions must cover not only the intended use of the machinery but also take into account any reasonably foreseeable misuse thereof.
In the case of machinery intended for use by non-professional operators, the wording and layout of the instructions for use must take into account the level of general education and acumen that can reasonably be expected from such operators.
Each instruction manual must contain, where applicable, at least the following information:. These values must be either those actually measured for the machinery in question or those established on the basis of measurements taken for technically comparable machinery which is representative of the machinery to be produced. In the case of very large machinery, instead of the A-weighted sound power level, the A-weighted emission sound pressure levels at specified positions around the machinery may be indicated.
Where the harmonised standards are not applied, sound levels must be measured using the most appropriate method for the machinery. Whenever sound emission values are indicated the uncertainties surrounding these values must be specified. The operating conditions of the machinery during measurement and the measuring methods used must be described. The position and value of the maximum sound pressure must be indicated. Where specific Community Directives lay down other requirements for the measurement of sound pressure levels or sound power levels, those Directives must be applied and the corresponding provisions of this section shall not apply;.
Sales literature describing the machinery must not contradict the instructions as regards health and safety aspects. Sales literature describing the performance characteristics of machinery must contain the same information on emissions as is contained in the instructions. Machinery intended for use with foodstuffs or with cosmetics or pharmaceutical products must be designed and constructed in such a way as to avoid any risk of infection, sickness or contagion.
The machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that these materials can be cleaned before each use. Where this is not possible disposable parts must be used;. The same applies to their joinings,. Where necessary, machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that continuing compliance with this requirement can be checked.
The instructions for foodstuffs machinery and machinery for use with cosmetics or pharmaceutical products must indicate recommended products and methods for cleaning, disinfecting and rinsing, not only for easily accessible areas but also for areas to which access is impossible or inadvisable.
Equivalent steps must be taken if this requirement is not technically feasible,. The handles of portable machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to make starting and stopping straightforward. The instructions must give the following information concerning vibrations transmitted by portable hand-held and hand-guided machinery:.
If harmonised standards are not applied, the vibration data must be measured using the most appropriate measurement code for the machinery. The operating conditions during measurement and the methods used for measurement, or the reference of the harmonised standard applied, must be specified.
Portable fixing and other impact machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that:. Where necessary, it must be possible to fit the device with splinter guard s and the appropriate guard s must be provided by the manufacturer of the machinery.
Machinery for working wood and materials with similar physical characteristics must comply with the following requirements:. The driver may be transported by the machinery or may be on foot, accompanying the machinery, or may guide the machinery by remote control.
Visibility from the driving position must be such that the driver can, in complete safety for himself and the exposed persons, operate the machinery and its tools in their foreseeable conditions of use. Where necessary, appropriate devices must be provided to remedy hazards due to inadequate direct vision. Machinery on which the driver is transported must be designed and constructed in such a way that, from the driving positions, there is no risk to the driver from inadvertent contact with the wheels and tracks.
The driving position of ride-on drivers must be designed and constructed in such a way that a driver's cab may be fitted, provided this does not increase the risk and there is room for it. The cab must incorporate a place for the instructions needed for the driver. Such restraint systems should not be fitted if they increase the risk. If the conditions of use provide that persons other than the driver may occasionally or regularly be transported by the machinery or work on it, appropriate positions must be provided which enable them to be transported or to work on it without risk.
In the case of remote controls, each control unit must clearly identify the machinery to be controlled from that unit. The remote control system must be designed and constructed in such a way as to affect only:. Remote controlled machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that it will respond only to signals from the intended control units. The driver must be able to actuate all control devices required to operate the machinery from the driving position, except for functions which can be safely actuated only by using control devices located elsewhere.
These functions include, in particular, those for which operators other than the driver are responsible or for which the driver has to leave the driving position in order to control them safely.
Where there are pedals, they must be so designed, constructed and fitted as to allow safe operation by the driver with the minimum risk of incorrect operation. They must have a slip-resistant surface and be easy to clean.
Where their operation can lead to hazards, notably dangerous movements, the control devices, except for those with preset positions, must return to the neutral position as soon as they are released by the operator. In the case of wheeled machinery, the steering system must be designed and constructed in such a way as to reduce the force of sudden movements of the steering wheel or the steering lever caused by shocks to the guide wheels.
Any control that locks the differential must be so designed and arranged that it allows the differential to be unlocked when the machinery is moving. All travel movements of self-propelled machinery with a ride-on driver must be possible only if the driver is at the controls. Where, for operating purposes, machinery is fitted with devices which exceed its normal clearance zone e.
This also applies to all other parts which, to allow safe movement, have to be in particular positions, locked if necessary. Where it does not give rise to other risks, movement of the machinery must depend on safe positioning of the aforementioned parts. It must not be possible for unintentional movement of the machinery to occur while the engine is being started.
Without prejudice to road traffic regulations, self-propelled machinery and its trailers must meet the requirements for slowing down, stopping, braking and immobilisation so as to ensure safety under all the operating, load, speed, ground and gradient conditions allowed for.
The driver must be able to slow down and stop self-propelled machinery by means of a main device. Where safety so requires, in the event of a failure of the main device, or in the absence of the energy supply needed to actuate the main device, an emergency device with a fully independent and easily accessible control device must be provided for slowing down and stopping. Where safety so requires, a parking device must be provided to render stationary machinery immobile.
This device may be combined with one of the devices referred to in the second paragraph, provided that it is purely mechanical. Remote-controlled machinery must be equipped with devices for stopping operation automatically and immediately and for preventing potentially dangerous operation in the following situations:. Movement of pedestrian-controlled self-propelled machinery must be possible only through sustained action on the relevant control device by the driver.
In particular, it must not be possible for movement to occur while the engine is being started. The control systems for pedestrian-controlled machinery must be designed in such a way as to minimise the risks arising from inadvertent movement of the machine towards the driver, in particular:.
The speed of travel of the machinery must be compatible with the pace of a driver on foot. In the case of machinery on which a rotary tool may be fitted, it must not be possible to actuate the tool when the reverse control is engaged, except where the movement of the machinery results from movement of the tool. In the latter case, the reversing speed must be such that it does not endanger the driver.
A failure in the power supply to the power-assisted steering, where fitted, must not prevent machinery from being steered during the time required to stop it. Machinery must be designed, constructed and where appropriate placed on its mobile support in such a way as to ensure that, when moved, uncontrolled oscillations of its centre of gravity do not affect its stability or exert excessive strain on its structure. Where, in the case of self-propelled machinery with a ride-on driver, operator s or other person s , there is a risk of rolling or tipping over, the machinery must be fitted with an appropriate protective structure, unless this increases the risk.
This structure must be such that in the event of rolling or tipping over it affords the ride-on person s an adequate deflection-limiting volume. In order to verify that the structure complies with the requirement laid down in the second paragraph, the manufacturer or his authorised representative must, for each type of structure concerned, perform appropriate tests or have such tests performed.
Where, in the case of self-propelled machinery with a ride-on driver, operator s or other person s , there is a risk due to falling objects or material, the machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to take account of this risk and fitted, if its size allows, with an appropriate protective structure. This structure must be such that, in the event of falling objects or material, it guarantees the ride-on person s an adequate deflection-limiting volume.
Handholds and steps must be designed, constructed and arranged in such a way that the operators use them instinctively and do not use the control devices to assist access.
All machinery used to tow or to be towed must be fitted with towing or coupling devices designed, constructed and arranged in such a way as to ensure easy and secure connection and disconnection and to prevent accidental disconnection during use.
Insofar as the tow bar load so requires, such machinery must be equipped with a support with a bearing surface suited to the load and the ground. Transmission of power between self-propelled machinery or tractor and recipient machinery. Removable mechanical transmission devices linking self-propelled machinery or a tractor to the first fixed bearing of recipient machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that any part that moves during operation is protected over its whole length.
On the side of the self-propelled machinery or tractor , the power take-off to which the removable mechanical transmission device is attached must be protected either by a guard fixed and linked to the self-propelled machinery or tractor or by any other device offering equivalent protection.
It must be possible to open this guard for access to the removable transmission device. Once it is in place, there must be enough room to prevent the drive shaft damaging the guard when the machinery or the tractor is moving.
On the recipient machinery side, the input shaft must be enclosed in a protective casing fixed to the machinery. Torque limiters or freewheels may be fitted to universal joint transmissions only on the side adjoining the driven machinery. The removable mechanical transmission device must be marked accordingly. All recipient machinery, the operation of which requires a removable mechanical transmission device to connect it to self-propelled machinery or a tractor , must have a system for attaching the removable mechanical transmission device so that, when the machinery is uncoupled, the removable mechanical transmission device and its guard are not damaged by contact with the ground or part of the machinery.
The outside parts of the guard must be so designed, constructed and arranged that they cannot turn with the removable mechanical transmission device. The guard must cover the transmission to the ends of the inner jaws in the case of simple universal joints and at least to the centre of the outer joint or joints in the case of wide-angle universal joints.
If means of access to working positions are provided near to the removable mechanical transmission device, they must be designed and constructed in such a way that the shaft guards cannot be used as steps, unless designed and constructed for that purpose. The battery housing must be designed and constructed in such a way as to prevent the electrolyte being ejected on to the operator in the event of rollover or tipover and to avoid the accumulation of vapours in places occupied by operators.
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that the battery can be disconnected with the aid of an easily accessible device provided for that purpose. Depending on the hazards anticipated by the manufacturer, machinery must, where its size permits:.
However, the operator must be protected against the risk of exposure to such hazardous emissions. They must be chosen, designed and constructed in such a way as to be clearly visible and indelible. Without prejudice to the provisions of road traffic regulations, machinery with a ride-on driver must have the following equipment:.
Remote-controlled machinery which, under normal conditions of use, exposes persons to the risk of impact or crushing must be fitted with appropriate means to signal its movements or with means to protect persons against such risks. The same applies to machinery which involves, when in use, the constant repetition of a forward and backward movement on a single axis where the area to the rear of the machine is not directly visible to the driver. Machinery must be constructed in such a way that the warning and signalling devices cannot be disabled unintentionally.
Where it is essential for safety, such devices must be provided with the means to check that they are in good working order and their failure must be made apparent to the operator. Where the movement of machinery or its tools is particularly hazardous, signs on the machinery must be provided to warn against approaching the machinery while it is working; the signs must be legible at a sufficient distance to ensure the safety of persons who have to be in the vicinity.
The instructions must give the following information concerning vibrations transmitted by the machinery to the hand-arm system or to the whole body:. Where harmonised standards are not applied, the vibration must be measured using the most appropriate measurement code for the machinery concerned. The operating conditions during measurement and the measurement codes used must be described.
The instructions for machinery allowing several uses depending on the equipment used and the instructions for the interchangeable equipment must contain the information necessary for safe assembly and use of the basic machinery and the interchangeable equipment that can be fitted.
To that end, the manufacturer or his authorised representative must use the appropriate verification methods. Machinery must be provided with devices which act on the guide rails or tracks to prevent derailment. If, despite such devices, there remains a risk of derailment or of failure of a rail or of a running component, devices must be provided which prevent the equipment, component or load from falling or the machinery from overturning.
Machinery, lifting accessories and their components must be capable of withstanding the stresses to which they are subjected, both in and, where applicable, out of use, under the installation and operating conditions provided for and in all relevant configurations, with due regard, where appropriate, to the effects of atmospheric factors and forces exerted by persons. This requirement must also be satisfied during transport, assembly and dismantling.
Machinery and lifting accessories must be designed and constructed in such a way as to prevent failure from fatigue and wear, taking due account of their intended use.
The materials used must be chosen on the basis of the intended working environments, with particular regard to corrosion, abrasion, impacts, extreme temperatures, fatigue, brittleness and ageing. Machinery and lifting accessories must be designed and constructed in such a way as to withstand the overload in the static tests without permanent deformation or patent defect. Strength calculations must take account of the value of the static test coefficient chosen to guarantee an adequate level of safety.
That coefficient has, as a general rule, the following values:.
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to undergo, without failure, the dynamic tests carried out using the maximum working load multiplied by the dynamic test coefficient. This dynamic test coefficient is chosen so as to guarantee an adequate level of safety: As a general rule, the tests will be performed at the nominal speeds provided for.
Should the control circuit of the machinery allow for a number of simultaneous movements, the tests must be carried out under the least favourable conditions, as a general rule by combining the movements concerned. Pulleys, drums and wheels must have a diameter commensurate with the size of the ropes or chains with which they can be fitted.
Drums and wheels must be designed, constructed and installed in such a way that the ropes or chains with which they are equipped can be wound without coming off. Ropes used directly for lifting or supporting the load must not include any splicing other than at their ends. Splicings are, however, tolerated in installations which are intended by design to be modified regularly according to needs of use. Complete ropes and their endings must have a working coefficient chosen in such a way as to guarantee an adequate level of safety.
Lifting chains must have a working coefficient chosen in such a way as to guarantee an adequate level of safety. In order to verify that an adequate working coefficient has been attained, the manufacturer or his authorised representative must, for each type of chain and rope used directly for lifting the load and for the rope ends, perform the appropriate tests or have such tests performed. Lifting accessories and their components must be sized with due regard to fatigue and ageing processes for a number of operating cycles consistent with their expected life-span as specified in the operating conditions for a given application.
Ropes must not comprise any splices or loops other than at their ends;. Should this not be the case, the coefficient is, as a general rule, set at a higher level in order to secure an equivalent level of safety. Textile ropes and slings must not include any knots, connections or splicing other than at the ends of the sling, except in the case of an endless sling;. Devices for controlling movements must act in such a way that the machinery on which they are installed is kept safe.
Machinery must be designed and constructed or fitted with devices in such a way that the amplitude of movement of its components is kept within the specified limits. The operation of such devices must, where appropriate, be preceded by a warning. Where several fixed or rail-mounted machines can be manoeuvred simultaneously in the same place, with risks of collision, such machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to make it possible to fit systems enabling these risks to be avoided.
Machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way that the loads cannot creep dangerously or fall freely and unexpectedly, even in the event of partial or total failure of the power supply or when the operator stops operating the machine. It must not be possible, under normal operating conditions, to lower the load solely by friction brake, except in the case of machinery whose function requires it to operate in that way.
Holding devices must be designed and constructed in such a way that inadvertent dropping of the loads is avoided. The operating position of machinery must be located in such a way as to ensure the widest possible view of trajectories of the moving parts, in order to avoid possible collisions with persons, equipment or other machinery which might be manoeuvring at the same time and liable to constitute a hazard. Machinery with guided loads must be designed and constructed in such a way as to prevent persons from being injured by movement of the load, the carrier or the counterweights, if any.
The movement of the carrier of machinery serving fixed landings must be rigidly guided to and at the landings. Scissor systems are also regarded as rigid guidance. Where persons have access to the carrier, the machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to ensure that the carrier remains stationary during access, in particular while it is being loaded or unloaded.
The machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to ensure that the difference in level between the carrier and the landing being served does not create a risk of tripping. When, during inspection or maintenance, there is a risk that persons situated under or above the carrier may be crushed between the carrier and any fixed parts, sufficient free space must be provided either by means of physical refuges or by means of mechanical devices blocking the movement of the carrier.
Where there is a risk due to the load falling off the carrier, the machinery must be designed and constructed in such a way as to prevent this risk. Risks due to contact of persons at landings with the moving carrier or other moving parts must be prevented. Where there is a risk due to persons falling into the travel zone when the carrier is not present at the landings, guards must be fitted in order to prevent this risk. Such guards must not open in the direction of the travel zone.
They must be fitted with an interlocking device controlled by the position of the carrier that prevents:. When lifting machinery or lifting accessories are placed on the market or are first put into service, the manufacturer or his authorised representative must ensure, by taking appropriate measures or having them taken, that the machinery or the lifting accessories which are ready for use — whether manually or power-operated — can fulfil their specified functions safely.
Where the machinery cannot be assembled in the manufacturer's premises or in the premises of his authorised representative, the appropriate measures must be taken at the place of use.
Otherwise, the measures may be taken either in the manufacturer's premises or at the place of use. Hold-to-run control devices must be used to control the movements of the machinery or its equipment.
However, for partial or complete movements in which there is no risk of the load or the machinery colliding, the said devices may be replaced by control devices authorising automatic stops at pre-selected positions without the operator holding a hold-to-run control device.
Rope carriers, tractors or tractor carriers must be held by counterweights or by a device allowing permanent control of the tension.
Each length of lifting chain, rope or webbing not forming part of an assembly must bear a mark or, where this is not possible, a plate or irremovable ring bearing the name and address of the manufacturer or his authorised representative and the identifying reference of the relevant certificate.
A range of values may be given on the basis of the intended applications. In the case of lifting accessories on which marking is physically impossible, the particulars referred to in the first paragraph must be displayed on a plate or other equivalent means and securely affixed to the accessory. The particulars must be legible and located in a place where they are not liable to disappear as a result of wear or jeopardise the strength of the accessory.
The maximum working load must be prominently marked on the machinery. This marking must be legible, indelible and in an un-coded form. Where the maximum working load depends on the configuration of the machinery, each operating position must be provided with a load plate indicating, preferably in diagrammatic form or by means of tables, the working load permitted for each configuration.
Machinery intended for lifting goods only, equipped with a carrier which allows access to persons, must bear a clear and indelible warning prohibiting the lifting of persons. This warning must be visible at each place where access is possible.
Each lifting accessory or each commercially indivisible batch of lifting accessories must be accompanied by instructions setting out at least the following particulars:.
Machinery intended for underground work must meet all the essential health and safety requirements described in this chapter see General Principles, point 4. Powered roof supports must be designed and constructed in such a way as to maintain a given direction when moving and not slip before and while they come under load and after the load has been removed.
They must be equipped with anchorages for the top plates of the individual hydraulic props. The accelerator and brake controls for movement of machinery running on rails must be hand-operated.
However, enabling devices may be foot-operated. The control devices of powered roof supports must be designed and positioned in such a way that, during displacement operations, operators are sheltered by a support in place. The control devices must be protected against any accidental release. Self-propelled machinery running on rails for use in underground work must be equipped with an enabling device acting on the circuit controlling the movement of the machinery such that movement is stopped if the driver is no longer in control of the movement.
The braking system of machinery intended for use in underground workings must be designed and constructed in such a way that it does not produce sparks or cause fires. Machinery with internal combustion engines for use in underground workings must be fitted only with engines using fuel with a low vaporising pressure and which exclude any spark of electrical origin.
Exhaust emissions from internal combustion engines must not be discharged upwards. The carrier, including any trapdoors, must be designed and constructed in such a way as to offer the space and strength corresponding to the maximum number of persons permitted on the carrier and the maximum working load. Machinery intended for lifting persons or persons and goods must be fitted with a suspension or supporting system for the carrier designed and constructed in such a way as to ensure an adequate overall level of safety and to prevent the risk of the carrier falling.
If ropes or chains are used to suspend the carrier, as a general rule, at least two independent ropes or chains are required, each with its own anchorage. Loading control for machinery moved by power other than human strength. Where safety requirements do not impose other solutions, the carrier must, as a general rule, be designed and constructed in such a way that persons in the carrier have means of controlling upward and downward movements and, if appropriate, other movements of the carrier.
In operation, those control devices must override any other devices controlling the same movement with the exception of emergency stop devices.
The control devices for these movements must be of the hold-to-run type except where the carrier itself is completely enclosed. Konstruktion der Maschine im Hinblick auf die Handhabung.
Wenn sich die Maschine oder ihre verschiedenen Bestandteile aufgrund ihres Gewichtes, ihrer Abmessungen oder ihrer Form nicht von Hand bewegen lassen, muss die Maschine oder jeder ihrer Bestandteile.
Anpassung der Schnittstelle Mensch-Maschine an die voraussehbaren Eigenschaften des Bedienungspersonals. Der Ausstieg muss ein schnelles Verlassen der Kabine gestatten. Die Sitzverankerung muss allen Belastungen standhalten, denen sie ausgesetzt sein kann. Jede Stellung des Wahlschalters muss deutlich erkennbar sein und darf nur einer Steuerungs- oder Betriebsart entsprechen. Wahl der Schutzeinrichtungen gegen Risiken durch bewegliche Teile. Die Wahl ist unter Beachtung der nachstehenden Leitlinien zu treffen.
Bewegliche Teile, die am Arbeitsprozess beteiligt sind. Besondere Anforderungen an trennende Schutzeinrichtungen. Bewegliche trennende Schutzeinrichtungen mit Verriegelung.
Besondere Anforderungen an nichttrennende Schutzeinrichtungen. Risiko, in einer Maschine eingeschlossen zu werden. Bei automatischen Maschinen und gegebenenfalls bei anderen Maschinen ist eine Schnittstelle zum Anschluss einer Fehlerdiagnoseeinrichtung vorzusehen. Die Maschine muss mit Einrichtungen ausgestattet sein, mit denen sie von jeder einzelnen Energiequelle getrennt werden kann. Diese Einrichtungen sind klar zu kennzeichnen.
Amtssprachen der Gemeinschaft abgefasst sein. Die Betriebsanleitung muss in einer oder mehreren Amtssprachen der Gemeinschaft abgefasst sein. Ist keine Originalbetriebsanleitung in der bzw. Jede Betriebsanleitung muss erforderlichenfalls folgende Mindestangaben enthalten:. Hinweise zur Inbetriebnahme und zum Betrieb der Maschine sowie erforderlichenfalls Hinweise zur Ausbildung bzw.
Einarbeitung des Bedienungspersonals;. Spezifikationen der zu verwendenden Ersatzteile, wenn diese sich auf die Sicherheit und Gesundheit des Bedienungspersonals auswirken;.
Wenn der Arbeitsplatz bzw. Enthalten spezielle Gemeinschaftsrichtlinien andere Bestimmungen zur Messung des Schalldruck- oder Schallleistungspegels, so gelten die Bestimmungen dieser speziellen Richtlinien und nicht die entsprechenden Bestimmungen der vorliegenden Richtlinie.
Ist das Werkzeug in eine nicht vollautomatisch arbeitende Maschine eingebaut, so ist diese Maschine so zu konstruieren und zu bauen, dass das Risiko von Verletzungen ausgeschaltet oder verringert wird.
Nummer 1. Stabilisatoren, Ausleger usw. Sofern es die Sicherheit erfordert, muss die Maschine mit Hilfe einer Feststelleinrichtung arretierbar sein. Abweichend von Nummer 1. Dieser Aufbau muss so beschaffen sein, dass aufsitzende bzw.
In diesem Fall ist die Einbaulage auf der abnehmbaren Gelenkwelle anzugeben. Ein ungewolltes Abschalten der Warn- und Signaleinrichtungen muss von der Konstruktion her ausgeschlossen sein.
Diese haben in der Regel folgende Werte:. Die Maschine muss so konstruiert und gebaut oder mit solchen Einrichtungen ausgestattet sein, dass die Bewegungen ihrer Bauteile innerhalb der vorgesehenen Grenzen gehalten werden. Maschinen, die feste Ladestellen anfahren. Die in Nummer 4. Ketten, Seile und Gurte. Lassen sich die erforderlichen Angaben nicht auf dem Lastaufnahmemittel selbst anbringen, so sind sie auf einem Schild oder auf einem anderen gleichwertigen, fest mit dem Lastaufnahmemittel verbundenen Gegenstand anzubringen.
Maschinen zum Heben von Lasten. Belastung an den Auflagern oder Verankerungen und gegebenenfalls Kenndaten der Laufbahnen,. Die Anforderung der Nummer 3. Die in den Nummern 4. Belastungsbegrenzung bei nicht durch menschliche Kraft angetriebenen Maschinen. Es gelten die Anforderungen der Nummer 4. Falls die in Nummer 1. Befehlseinrichtungen an den Haltestellen.
Trennende und nichttrennende Schutzeinrichtungen zum Schutz von Personen vor beweglichen Teilen, die direkt am Arbeitsprozess beteiligt sind. Sicherheitseinrichtungen an Zylindern der Hydraulikhauptkreise, wenn sie als Fangvorrichtungen verwendet werden;. Sie setzt den Antragsteller, die anderen benannten Stellen und den Mitgliedstaat, der sie benannt hat, davon in Kenntnis. Den Hersteller der betreffenden Maschine trifft die laufende Verpflichtung sicherzustellen, dass die Maschine dem jeweiligen Stand der Technik entspricht.