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Popular culture pdf

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Before we consider in detail the different ways in which popular culture has been In order to define popular culture we first need to define the term 'culture'. historians have claimed the label of 'popular culture' for the sole study of post- of popular culture the years which go from the s to the s because. Visit the Cultural Theory and Popular Culture, fifth edition. Companion Website at lesforgesdessalles.info to find valuable student learning.


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Before we consider in detail the different ways in which popular culture has been defined and analyzed, I want to outline some of the general features of the. There is no agreed definition for the concept of popular culture. Since it began to be discussed, popular culture has often been defined against something else. MASS CULTURE VERSUS POPULAR CULTURE Dr. Marek Sokołowski, The Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland.

Americanization can be defined as imposing American behavioral patterns on other cultures. Tigi Ps. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Poznan Eco — adjust to them or await the final Apocalypse. It is difficult to ascertain criteria. Previously local artists or craftsmen worked for people they knew personally, and were somehow connected with.

All this caused art to be more diversified and individual in nature than are the products of mass culture.

The global nature of mass products caused their content to become unified and adjusted to the suit the needs of diverse societies, often with nothing in common. A comparison of these cultures is not completely correct.

It is rather a mental abbreviation. For the most part it is due to the idealization of traditional culture. Folk elements are often incorporated into mass productions. They can be very successful e.

An introduction to popular culture The term mass culture is often used as a synonym — both in everyday speech and in academic writing — for popular culture.

Both terms have a lot in common. We must, however, be aware of the fact that these terms are not interchangeable. An outline of the relationship between mass culture and popular culture poses many definition-related difficulties. Marian Golka says: Their meanings partially overlap, and are partially different.

Golka then describes the differences, pertaining mainly to the different means of the diffusion of these phenomena; popular culture was spread also via direct contact, and not only via technical means. Additionally pop culture features feedback — a participant of a festival can become its broadcaster. Mass culture is linked with unified content which was designed to reach as many recipients as possible.

Popular culture is currently diversified, and often pertains to niche content without chances of reaching a broad audience. Currently content is also targeted at smaller groups.

Dominic Strinati has a different approach to these terms. Here the elements of both cultures are identical. The only difference is means of transmission. An example is concerts which do not require personal attendance. Yet the release of such performances on DVDs causes them to become a part of mass culture. John Fiske described popular culture as the process of generating meaning inside a given social system. He wrote about an active process, dependent, for the most part, on its recipients.

Fiske believed that for a product to become a part of popular culture it must be appealing and satisfy interests. Despite commercialization he wrote: Here we see a pejorative approach to the second term. It has been noticed that pop culture enables individuals to choose the contents they deem as interesting, and do not have to uncritically accept imposed products, oriented on profit Olszewska-Dyoniziak, , We are not limited to passive reception.

Scheck places the products of pop culture between: In his definition he strives to emphasize both the broad nature of the term, and its diversity. He also believes that high culture derives inspiration from the standards imposed by pop culture Scheck, , According to M.

Krajewski, the problem with defining mass culture is due to the fact that the phenomenon is both very broad and universal. It cannot be effectively put into words.

Furthermore, the phenomenon is relatively new. Pop culture has been termed by Krajewski as: It is thus difficult to indicate its limitations. A researcher will never get its whole picture; we can merely draw its outline.

It is also difficult to state whether popular culture can be separated from other cultures and whether it is possible to indicate features which characterize solely popular culture. The last issue discussed by the theory of mass culture is that the phenomenon is mainly evaluated — no attempts are made to understand it Krajewski, , Krajewski believes that this is due in part to the commercial nature of pop culture.

Despite the pejorative attitude towards the pursuit of profit and procurement of material goods, these phenomena prompt processes which alter our lives. It can be said that money is a desultory, random power, which materializes itself in the way individuals spend their free time, in trends and entertainment Krajewski, , 5. It is believed that popular culture preceded mass culture. It is linked with the birth of capitalism and mechanisms of the formation of nationalism.

Thus some researchers place its origins in the beginning of the 18th century in Europe. Others connect mass culture with its entertainment function and see its origins in popular forms of entertainment in the Roman Empire e. In this case we can say that pop culture has been with us since the origins of mankind Strinati, , Popular culture is sometimes criticized as the tool of Americanization. Americanization can be defined as imposing American behavioral patterns on other cultures.

Culture pdf popular

This is due to the fact that a large amount of pop culture originates in the USA, mainly in the fields of cinematography and popular music. Yet pop culture takes on many forms, depending on many conditions, and American culture is just one of its many aspects Nieroba, , 50 Cultural changes are currently taking place, regardless of our attitude towards them.

Eco — adjust to them or await the final Apocalypse. Whether we like it or not pop culture and mass culture are all around us. The shape of the future of culture remains a great unknown. We should, however, pay close attention to its transformation. References 1. Castells M. Eco U. Komunikacja masowa, a teorie kultury masowej.

Waszawa Fiske J. Goban-Klas T. The term "popular culture" itself is of 19th century coinage, in original usage referring to the education and "culturedness" of the lower classes, as was delivered in an address at the Birmingham Town Hall, England.

Definitions Defining 'popular' and 'culture', which are essentially contested concepts, is complicated with multiple competing definitions of popular culture. The quantitative definition of culture has the problem that much "high culture" e. However, many works straddle or cross the boundaries, e.

Shakespeare and Charles Dickens. Storey draws attention to the forces and relations which sustain this difference such as the educational system.

A third definition equates pop culture with Mass Culture.

This is seen as a commercial culture, mass produced for mass consumption. From a Western European perspective, this may be compared to an American pinnese culture. Alternatively, "pop culture" can be defined as an "authentic" culture of the people, but this can be problematic because there are many ways of defining the "people.

Studies of Shakespeare by Weimann, Barber or Bristol, for example locate much of the characteristic vitality of his drama in its participation in Renaissance popular culture, while contemporary practitioners like Dario Fo and John McGrath use popular culture in its Gramscian sense that includes ancient folk traditions the commedia dell'arte for example. Popular culture changes constantly and occurs uniquely in place and time.

It forms currents and eddies, and represents a complex of mutually interdependent perspectives and values that influence society and its institutions in various ways. For example, certain currents of pop culture may originate from, or diverge into a subculture, representing perspectives with which the mainstream popular culture has only limited familiarity.

Items of popular culture most typically appeal to a broad spectrum of the public. Popular culture 2. Institutional propagation Popular culture and the mass media have a symbiotic relationship: Turner , p. For instance, giant pandas a species in remote Chinese woodlands have become well-known items of popular culture; parasitic worms, though of greater practical importance, have not. Both scholarly facts and news stories get modified through popular transmission, often to the point of outright falsehoods.

Hannah Arendt's essay "The Crisis in Culture" suggested that a "market-driven media would lead to the displacement of culture by the dictates of entertainment.

The masses, debauched by several generations of this sort of thing, in turn come to demand trivial and comfortable cultural products. Hollywood films are routinely formulaic, and pinnese emphasize " Folklore Adaptations based on traditional folklore provide a source of popular culture. With the widespread use of the Internet from the s, the distinction between mass media and word-of-mouth has become blurred. Although the folkloric element of popular culture engages heavily with the commercial element, the public has its own tastes and it may not embrace every cultural item sold.

Moreover, beliefs and opinions about the products of commercial culture spread by word-of-mouth, and become modified in the process in the same manner that folklore evolves.

Self reference Owing to the pervasive and increasingly interconnected nature of popular culture, especially its intermingling of complementary distribution sources, some cultural anthropologists, literary, and cultural critics have identified a large amount of intertextuality in popular culture's portrayals of itself. One commentator has suggested this self-referentiality reflects the advancing encroachment of popular culture into every realm of collective experience.

Many cultural critics have dismissed this as merely a symptom or side-effect of mass consumerism; however, alternate explanations and critique have also been offered. One critic asserts that it reflects a fundamental paradox: Thompson[22] argues shows such as The Simpsons use a " In the episode Bart vs.

Thanksgiving, Bart complains about the crass commercialism of the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade while watching television.

When he turns his head away from the television, the screen shows an oversized inflatable balloon of Bart Simpson floating past. Notes [1] "Memes in popular culture". Oracle Thinkquest.

Retrieved Bock and Daniel B. Wallace - Dethroning Jesus: They can be very successful e. An introduction to popular culture The term mass culture is often used as a synonym — both in everyday speech and in academic writing — for popular culture. Both terms have a lot in common. We must, however, be aware of the fact that these terms are not interchangeable. An outline of the relationship between mass culture and popular culture poses many definition-related difficulties.

Marian Golka says: Their meanings partially overlap, and are partially different. Golka then describes the differences, pertaining mainly to the different means of the diffusion of these phenomena; popular culture was spread also via direct contact, and not only via technical means. Additionally pop culture features feedback — a participant of a festival can become its broadcaster.

Mass culture is linked with unified content which was designed to reach as many recipients as possible. Popular culture is currently diversified, and often pertains to niche content without chances of reaching a broad audience.

Currently content is also targeted at smaller groups. Dominic Strinati has a different approach to these terms. Here the elements of both cultures are identical. The only difference is means of transmission. An example is concerts which do not require personal attendance. Yet the release of such performances on DVDs causes them to become a part of mass culture.

John Fiske described popular culture as the process of generating meaning inside a given social system. He wrote about an active process, dependent, for the most part, on its recipients. Fiske believed that for a product to become a part of popular culture it must be appealing and satisfy interests.

(PDF) MASS CULTURE VERSUS POPULAR CULTURE | Javier Pérez Díaz - lesforgesdessalles.info

Despite commercialization he wrote: Here we see a pejorative approach to the second term. It has been noticed that pop culture enables individuals to choose the contents they deem as interesting, and do not have to uncritically accept imposed products, oriented on profit Olszewska-Dyoniziak, , We are not limited to passive reception. Scheck places the products of pop culture between: In his definition he strives to emphasize both the broad nature of the term, and its diversity.

He also believes that high culture derives inspiration from the standards imposed by pop culture Scheck, , According to M.

Krajewski, the problem with defining mass culture is due to the fact that the phenomenon is both very broad and universal. It cannot be effectively put into words. Furthermore, the phenomenon is relatively new.

Pop culture has been termed by Krajewski as: It is thus difficult to indicate its limitations. A researcher will never get its whole picture; we can merely draw its outline. It is also difficult to state whether popular culture can be separated from other cultures and whether it is possible to indicate features which characterize solely popular culture.

The last issue discussed by the theory of mass culture is that the phenomenon is mainly evaluated — no attempts are made to understand it Krajewski, , Krajewski believes that this is due in part to the commercial nature of pop culture. Despite the pejorative attitude towards the pursuit of profit and procurement of material goods, these phenomena prompt processes which alter our lives. It can be said that money is a desultory, random power, which materializes itself in the way individuals spend their free time, in trends and entertainment Krajewski, , 5.

It is believed that popular culture preceded mass culture. It is linked with the birth of capitalism and mechanisms of the formation of nationalism.

Pdf popular culture

Thus some researchers place its origins in the beginning of the 18th century in Europe. Others connect mass culture with its entertainment function and see its origins in popular forms of entertainment in the Roman Empire e.

pop culture.pdf

In this case we can say that pop culture has been with us since the origins of mankind Strinati, , Popular culture is sometimes criticized as the tool of Americanization. Americanization can be defined as imposing American behavioral patterns on other cultures. This is due to the fact that a large amount of pop culture originates in the USA, mainly in the fields of cinematography and popular music. Yet pop culture takes on many forms, depending on many conditions, and American culture is just one of its many aspects Nieroba, , 50 Cultural changes are currently taking place, regardless of our attitude towards them.

Eco — adjust to them or await the final Apocalypse. Whether we like it or not pop culture and mass culture are all around us. The shape of the future of culture remains a great unknown. We should, however, pay close attention to its transformation. References 1.

Culture pdf popular

Castells M. Eco U. Komunikacja masowa, a teorie kultury masowej. Waszawa Fiske J. Goban-Klas T. Teorie i analizy prasy, radia, telewizji i Internetu, Warszawa Golka M. Warszawa Jakubowski W. Krytyka i obrona. Krajewski M.