Page 1. Business. Vocabulary in Use. Bill Mascull. Cambridge. Professional. English. CAMBRIDGE. UNIVERSITY PRESS. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Business Vocabulary Use Intermediate Muya - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf ) or read book online. Test your Business vocabulary in Use lesforgesdessalles.info - Download as PDF File .pdf) or read online.
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Does your educational institution prepare people for specific jobs? This allows Modco to concentrate on its main business activities. Was it advertised? Test your business vocabulary in use. It's good to see the children learn and develop. Sole owner and sole proprietor are also used both in BrE and AmE.
The trouble with graduates, people who've just left university, is that their paper qualifications are good, but they have no work experience. They just don't know how business works. I disagree. Education should teach people how to think, not prepare them for a particular job.
One of last year's recruits had graduated from Oxford in philosophy and she's doing very well! Philosophy's an interesting subject, but for our company, it's more useful if you train as a scientist and qualify as a biologist or chemist - training for a specific job is better. Yes, but we don't just need scientists. We also need good managers, which we can achieve through in-house training courses within the company. You know we have put a lot of money into management development and management training because they are very important.
You need to have some management experience for that. It's not the sort of thing you can learn when you're 20! A skill is the ability to do something well, especially because you have learned how to do it and practised it.
He decided to educate as an accountant at evening classes. Each expression is used twice. We need - - - - - - - - journalists who are very good at their job and extremely - - - - - - - - - to find out as much as they can. What sort of people does your organization look for in its recruitment?
What sort of person are you? In summer we're very busy, so we work a lot of extra hours, or overtime; the money for this is quite good. Working in a hotel, we also get. I'm Ivan and I work as a waiter in Prague. I like my job even if I don't earn very much: I get paid wages every week by the restaurant. We get the minimum wage: But we also get tips, money that customers leave for us in addition to the bill.
I'm Catherine and I'm a saleswoman based in Paris. I get a basic salary, plus commission: If I sell more than a particular amount in a year, I also get extra money - a bonus, which is nice. There are some good fringe benefits with this job: I get a company car, and they make payments for my pension, money that I'll get regularly after I stop working. All that makes a good benefits package. My name's Alan. I'm a specialist in pay and benefits.
Compensation and remuneration are formal words used to talk about pay and benefits, especially those of senior managers. Compensation package and remuneration package are used especially in the US to talk about all the pay and benefits that employees receive. For a senior executive, this may include share options BrE or stock options AmE: See Unit 36 There may be performance-related bonuses if the manager reaches particular objectives for the company.
Compensation is also used to talk about money and other benefits that a senior manager or any employee receives if they are forced to leave the organization, perhaps after a boardroom row. This money is in the form of a compensation payment, or severance payment. If the manager also receives benefits, the payment and the benefits form a severance package.
In Britain, executives with very high pay and good benefits may be referred to as fat cats, implying that they do not deserve this level of remuneration. I usually have to work late: I don't get paid for it, but I get a percentage for every photocopier I sell.
The directors referred to this as a The directors of Megafone, the world's largest mobile phone company, yesterday voted to give Mr Chris. National Energy's shareholders yesterday attacked Jhe directors of the company for paying themselves too much. Profits fell by 30 per cent last year, but directors are being paid 30 per cent more. The people who work for a company, all the people on its payroll, are its employees, personnel, staff, workers or workforce. But these words can mean just the people carrying out the work of a company, rather than those leading it and organizing it: A company's most senior managers usually work in its head office or headquarters HQ.
Some managers have their own individual offices, but in many businesses, most employees work in open-plan offices: Administration or, informally, admin, the everyday work supporting a company's activities, is often done in offices like these by administrative staff or support staff.
For example, those giving technical help to buyers of the company's products are in technical support. Labour is spelled labor in ArnE. Labor unions, organizations defending the interests of workers ArnE are called trade unions in BrE. In larger organizations there is a human resources department HRD that deals with pay, recruitment, etc. Another name for this department is the personnel department. Use the words in Band D opposite to complete what he says about it.
Where is its head office? How many sites does the company have? How many employees? Is it better to have everyone on one site or to have different sites with different activities? Do people have their own offices or are there open-plan offices? Many people used to work for the same organization until they reached retirement: Career paths were clear: You would probably not be demoted: Modco has reorganized and restructured in.
They did this to reduce costs, and increase efficiency and profits. Employees said the company used words like 'restructure' to make the situation sound positive and acceptable. Modco has outsourced many jobs previously done by in-house personnel: This allows Modco to concentrate on its main business activities. Modco uses more freelancers, independent people who may work for several different companies, and they employ people for short periods on temporary contracts. Modco expects flexibility, with people moving to different jobs when necessary, but for many employees, this means job insecurity, the feeling that they may not be in their job for long.
The way that they are doing their job is discussed at performance reviews: Employees who are made redundant may get advice about finding another job, retraining, etc. This is called outplacement advice. Noun Verb Noun Adjective retire seniority demotion freelance lay-off redundancy dismiss insecure terminate flexible 7. The sentences all contain words from A and B opposite. She talks about how she lost her job. Choose the correct form of the words in brackets to complete the text.
Do you have performance reviews?
What are the advantages and disadvantages? Has your organization been restructured? What aspects of the business does your company outsource? Would you prefer a job for life or a more flexible career? Would you like regular performance reviews? All these things contribute to a bad working environment. The government sends officials called health and safety inspectors to make sure that factories and offices are safe places to work. They check what companies are doing about things like:.
If someone such as a manager bullies an employee, they use their position of power to hurt or threaten them, for example verbally. Someone who does this is a bully.
Sexual harassment is when an employee behaves sexually towards another in a way that they find unwelcome and unacceptable. The related verb is harass. If a woman is unfairly treated just because she is a woman, she is a victim of sex discrimination. In many organizations, women complain about the glass ceiling that allows them to get to a particular level but no further.
If someone is treated unfairly because of their race, they are a victim of racial discrimination or racism. Offensive remarks about someone's race are racist and the person making them is a racist. In the US, affirmative action is when help is given in education and employment to groups who were previously discriminated against. In Britain, affirmative action is known as equal opportunities. A court heard today how an office worker was almost driven to suicide by a bullying office manager.
James Blenkinsop, 27, told how boss Nigel Kemp victimized him by shouting at him, criticizing his work in front of others, tearing up his work and telling him to do it again. All four waitresses said they were subjected to sexist remarks at the restaurant Naomi Tanaka, 23, last year started working on the Tokyo Stock Exchange as a trader. She complained. Instead she got a job as a trader at Pari bas, a French firm Last year the law school admitted a class that was 5.
This year the black percentage stands at 0. Non-executive directors are not managers of the company; they are outsiders, often directors of other companies who have particular knowledge of the industry or of particular areas. The marketing director is the head of marketing, the IT director is the head of IT, etc. These people head or head up their departments.
Informally, the head of an activity, a department or an organization is its boss. An executive or, informally, an exec, is usually a manager at quite a high level for example, a senior executive.
But 'executive' can be used in other contexts to suggest luxury, as in 'executive coach' and 'executive home', even for things that are not actually used by executives. In the US, the top position may be that of chairman, chairwoman or president. This job is often combined with the position of chief executive officer or CEO. Some companies have a chief operating officer to take care of the day-to-day.
Match each task to the manager most likely to be responsible for doing it. Meet with advertising agency to discuss new advertisements for the company's holidays. We have some excellent people on our board, including two who are not involved in the day-to-day running of the company:. I work closely with Chang and Roberts, as they tell me what their departments need for marketing and research, and I allocate them an annual budget. A businessman, businesswoman or businessperson is someone who works in their own business or as a manager in an organization.
The plural of businessperson is businesspeople. Businessperson and businesspeople can also be spelled as two words: An entrepreneur is someone who starts or founds or establishes their own company.
Someone who starts a company is its founder. An entrepreneur may found a series of companies or start-ups. Entrepreneurial is used in a positive way to describe the risk-taking people who do this, and their activities. Some entrepreneurs leave the companies they found, perhaps going on to found more companies. Others may stay to develop and grow their businesses. Establishment can also describe an action e. Some English speakers believe it is not correct to use grow as a transitive verb in this context.
A large company mainly owned by one person or family is a business empire. Successful businesspeople, especially heads of large organizations, are business leaders or, in journalistic terms, captains of industry. People in charge of big business empires may be referred to, especially by journalists, as magnates, moguls or tycoons.
These words often occur in combinations such as these:. Now the site has , customers, and Pace is very rich, with a big apartment in Manhattan and a house in the Bahamas. Business is the activity of producing, buying and selling goods and services. A business, company, firm or more formally, a concern, sells goods or services. Large companies considered together are referred to as big business.
A company may be called an enterprise, especially to emphasize its risk-taking nature. Businesses vary in size, from the self-employed person working alone, through the small or medium enterprise SME to the large multinational with activities in several countries.
A large company, especially in the US, is a corporation. The adjective, corporate, is often used in these combinations:. In s Britain, there were state-owned or government-owned companies in many different industries such as car manufacturing and air travel. Some industries had been nationalized and were entirely state-owned, such as coal, electricity and telephone services.
In the s, the government believed that nationalized companies were bureaucratic and inefficient, and many of them were privatized and sold to investors. Enterprise is used in a positive way to talk about business, emphasizing the use of money to take risks. Before we employ people, we like to put them in job situations to see how they do the work and fit into the corporate ladder. S The rules were introduced to protect women working in factories, but today they make it harder for women to climb the corporate image.
Which are they referring to each time? In some areas, the government reduced the number of laws and regulations to encourage businesses to move there.
Businesses were encouraged to set up in the. Is the public sector in your country very big? Do people who work in it have good working conditions compared to those in the private sector? In your country, which of these industries are in the public sector, and which are in the private sector? Which have been privatized? We have set up our own architecture partnership.
There are no shareholders in the organization apart from us, the partners. A lot of professional people like lawyers, accountants and so on, work in partnerships. I'm the managing director and main shareholder of a small electronics company in Scotland called Advanced Components Ltd.
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English Vocabulary in Use Upper-intermediate With answers. Vocabulary Basics for Business. English Vocabulary in Use Pre Inter. English Vocabulary in Use Pre Intermediate. Test Your English Vocabulary in Use: Build your Business Vocabulary.
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