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Fifty shades of grey pdf trilogy

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Fifty Shades of Grey in popular imagination a Salam Al-Mahadin a American Grey trilogy—Fifty Shades of Grey (a), Fifty Shades Freed (b), and Fifty . Fifty Shades of Grey: Book One of the Fifty Shades Trilogy (Fifty Shades of Grey Series) [E L James] on lesforgesdessalles.info *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. If you choose Fifty Shades of Grey for book club, make sure to stock up on wine to get the conversations flowing. If you choose Fifty Shades of Grey for book club.


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Vintage and colophon are registered trademarks of Random House, Inc. Fifty Shades of Grey, Fifty Shades. Darker, and Fifty Shades Freed are works of fiction. She finally plucked up the courage to put pen to paper with her first novel,. Fifty Shades of Grey. E L. James is currently working on a new romantic thriller with a. E L James is currently working on the sequel to Fifty Shades of Grey and a new romantic My destination is the headquarters of Mr. Grey's global enterprise.

Other editions. I wanted to see what had happened to cause the accident, completely out of morbid curiosity, all the while I hoped that no one died and that I didn't see blood as I passed. I am so glad I ran into you! And such a lovely and warm family he has. She not only rips off Twilight, but the piano scene is straight outta Pretty Woman, right down to the tinkling notes of the piano keys as her feet slide across them. This included anal fisting, vaginal fisting, caning, and a bunch of other equally ridiculous garbage.

Many people believe as long as no one is hurt or being forced, and everyone is over 18, who are we to judge. But there is always the fine line. But if a fetish escalates into perversions or something illegal e. Once thought as deviant behavior, especially for women….. What was once unacceptable as reading material, is now a main stream best seller. Many erotic storylines involve explicit sexual descriptive narration.

The language is graphic and there is virtually nothing off limits except children and familial relations. Many women are now reading novels or series of novels featuring homosexual storylines. Again…fantasy is the operative word.

Television and the film industry have long had a rating system for what is perceived as appropriate for different age groups. And saying that…. Identification is not required when ordering a book online from most of the websites….. Saying that, I wonder how many minors under 16 are reading erotica and sexually graphic storylines with the advent of ebooks? Like everything in life, there are degrees and valuations, and varying shades of grey pun intended. Like a sliding color wheel, the BDSM content is revealed in shades and degrees.

Yes, there are times when a soft-line is pushed, but it is addressed throughout the story. This story is about addressing the truth, acknowledging responsibility, the loss of power and control, and the fight to gain it all back. This story is also about acceptance, finding love, losing and making steps towards recovery. The practice of BDSM is wide ranging and is often misinterpreted by the lay-people not involved in the practice. BDSM has been labeled everything from a fetish to a perversion, but when the people involved are consenting adults, wholly aware of the circumstances and the situation, the behavior or role-playing is acted out according to a specific script of behaviors and actions.

There are rules, agreements, safety words, consequences and varying degrees of pleasure all safe and legal -to which a question must be addressed-Who are we to judge a lifestyle that is different from our own? Informed Consent-Psychological Definition: Informed consent is a legal procedure to ensure that a patient or client knows all of the risks and costs involved in a treatment. The elements of informed consents include informing the client of the nature of the treatment, possible alternative treatments, and the potential risks and benefits of the treatment.

In order for informed consent to be considered valid, the client must be competent and the consent should be given voluntarily. But the underlying current of BDSM becomes blurred when the title character of Christian Grey, at 15years old, becomes the submissive to a woman several years older. As a sexual predator, the woman holds power and control of the teenage boy, shaping him into the man who would one day run a billion dollar enterprise.

And it is this relationship that directs and controls all of his future endeavors and needs.

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Even in the world of high finance and business, power and control is the ultimate aim. And she is NOT without some power of her own. I guess like everything in life, we must make decisions based on research, trial and error, and public opinion. And in the end, sometimes the only opinion that counts, is your own. Not because it will qualify for a Nobel Prize in Literature, but because it is, in all honesty, a love story with a HEA.

View all 70 comments. May 31, Ali rated it it was amazing Shelves: My sister-in-law recommended this series to me last week and I finished the entire series in 5 days. I was hooked! However, I had no idea that it was an erotica read, so I was quite surprised, but the storyline already had me pulled in. There was no turning back.

Book 2 was my favorite. Christian really proved his feelings for Ana through his words and actions throughout the entire book. Many people complain that his change was unrealistic and it ruined the story for them.

I, however, am a h My sister-in-law recommended this series to me last week and I finished the entire series in 5 days. I, however, am a hopeless romantic and my heart melted as I really fell in love with Christian's character. I wish we could get to his view of the elevator scene with the famous, "fuck the paperwork" line. The subject lines and signatures made me laugh out loud several times.

I loved seeing that side of Christian. I also know that his controlling side is unhealthy in a relationship, but it kept things interesting and it showed his true feelings about Ana. When Ana defied him from work or wherever, I always hoped that Christian would just show up as he did pretty much every time.

I see the sweet element of his need to control Ana while also understanding that it's not healthy for either party. Overall, this is a highly addicting series- a grown-up version of Twilight, but with a much more realistic plot. I love that Christian and Ana were based from Edward and Bella. James didn't make it too obvious IMO. It is just easy to see the resemblance in the form of their unexplainable, unending pull to each other. And who doesn't want a happy ending like this series offers?

View all 21 comments. Jul 05, "That's All" Ash rated it it was amazing. High-five, giirrrrrl! I missed. You'll probably want to ice that. I am so glad I ran into you!

What a coincidence! Three hours? You know what? Yeah, I was just wondering if you received the six or seventeen audition tapes I sent over to all three of your ho E.

Yeah, I was just wondering if you received the six or seventeen audition tapes I sent over to all three of your houses? Because, and only very privileged people know this about me but uhh… I was really popular with the acting scene at my high school. Also, you probably should cast Henry Cavill for Christian. Because he and I?

I know, right? YOU just that about that. I left all of my contact info with your secretary AND your neighbors.

Fifty Shades Trilogy

And also your Federal Express man. But try not to call before 11 a. I really like my beauty sleep. May 27, Isamlq rated it did not like it. Book One: So, this is what all the fuss was about. Is it me or do they both sound English? Ditto with the Subconscious capital S. And to those two, add every single instance she bites her frigging lower lip. A lot. Eek, view spoiler [period sex. Why is it the same tune over and over? Sex Ana: All dominant and growly.

Take a wild guess about what comes after. Can anyone get this Inner Goddess to shut up? Every other word I've considered tried to type's got a double meaning now. Oh, who am I kidding? Scratch that. It actually is terrible with all those complaints thrown against being valid and true BUT I went in eyes open to said faults. So should I really be disappointed over how it fulfilled my not quite high expectations?

Should I? Scary and alluring. Heck, I stuck around! I went into this knowing a good deal of what was going to take place view spoiler [ still though, period sex? But still, how fucked up could be? Even with it's girl who's too much like a doormat; even with the creepy stalker controlling male lead.

Maybe because there's this addictive quality to it. That despite the cheesy dialogue, the unusually detestable characters in this, well, maybe just maybe I'm missing something that others have already caught on to. Serious question here. No, really. Dear me! His subs look alike? How much more fucked up can you get, Fifty? Be gone, Inner Goddess! Dance the night away on your own with all your arabesques and flipping and turning. Why do I do this to myself? Despite all the sex, or maybe because of all the sex, things have gotten monotonously boring.

Yes, the sex remains predictable. See item 6 for Book 1 Book Three 1. I tried. View all 8 comments. May 29, Paula rated it it was ok. Oh wow! Also, characters mostly put their lips in a hard line and murmur a lot. Ana and Christian fight, make up, have kinky sex.

This goes on, round and round and round. And for about fifty pages no pun intended , there's an actual story line. I'm really ticked off I wasted 2 weeks reading this crap. And yet Whoa! And yet to some extent I couldn't put the books down. It brought out the same teenaged, raw, carnal emotions I felt with the Twighlight series, but with a ton of dirty sex and worse writing.

The sex scenes are probably the best part of her writing However, they became too long and repetitive for my short attention span and I ended up skipping through most of them in the third book to simply finish. I gave the trilogy 3 stars because it was intriguing enough to read all three books, but conversely I'm also appalled that I spent the time to read them all I think it really only deserves 2 stars. And did anyone notice she used bigger words in the third book?

I think she found a thesaurus. I kept looking at my original 3 star rating and thinking "that's too many! View all 14 comments. Aug 01, Aishu Rehman rated it it was amazing Shelves: Reading this novel was a bittersweet experience.

On the other hand, I wanted to take my sweet time and drag things out because I never wanted it to end.

Fifty Shades Series by E.L. James

I could read about Christian and Ana forever. Christian may be the perfect man to star in a never-ending Reading this novel was a bittersweet experience. Christian may be the perfect man to star in a never-ending series.

He seems to have enough issues. Apr 27, Christy rated it it was amazing. Erotic love story I do not think I would go that far. I am a prude and do not share my bedroom things,etc This book had an underlying story of two people learning to be a couple and not be independent.

Each brought their own baggage. He a past of a terrible early childhood, being adopted by a loving family, him being seduced at a young age, and then became a dominant sex gamer. She comes in with her naive, inexperience and never really having to comply to Erotic love story She comes in with her naive, inexperience and never really having to comply to another. She herself played 2nd string to her mother and lived her life for herself!

They both end up learning about themselves through each other and making it work! If you do not want to read the erotic parts you can skip over them and still enjoy the story I read the trilogy in 5 days.

It had the love story and all we love to read but it is x-rated all the same! View 2 comments. Jun 08, Charlotte rated it it was amazing. I hadn't heard of these until recently when they were mentioned to me by a number of different people within the space of a couple of days. Naturally I was intrigued and upon reading reviews was led to believe they were pure filth. Which, don't be disheartened if that's what you're looking for, they're naughty.

But there is so much more. These are not to be dismissed as "women's porn" as I've seen happen. There is a lot more to the plot and to the characters.

They are brilliantly written that yo I hadn't heard of these until recently when they were mentioned to me by a number of different people within the space of a couple of days. They are brilliantly written that you get so involved and empathise with each of the main characters amazingly well! Given the gist of the novels from other people I should have hated Christian Grey but by mid book 1 I loved him as much as Anastasia did!

All 3 were a marvellous, cannot-put-it-down, who-cares-if-I'm-late-for-work-this-is-more-important kind of read!

Fifty Shades Series

Now I'm just sad I've run out Highly recommended and to be fair I'd like to see a man read that without being effected at all. Consider it a challenge. It's hot. I loved them: View all 7 comments. Jun 04, Lucy rated it did not like it Recommends it for: Recommended to Lucy by: People who thought I needed punishment. I want to preface this review by confessing that I am a literary masochist.

If I begin reading a series, no matter how bad it is, I have to finish it, to satisfy my curiosity about the ending, about the author's ability to improve her writing, and about what the fuss is all about. I picked up this book largely out of curiosity anyway, because I'd heard from several people that it's a great read. Imagine my disappointment.

James's writing ability is mediocre at best. From page one, I was annoyed. I I want to preface this review by confessing that I am a literary masochist. It was clear to me that James is a novice in the field of writing, which is disappointing from my point of view largely because I aspire to publish writing of my own.

It hurts me to know that drivel of this nature was published by anyone, to say nothing of my disdain that it has become such a hugely popular book. I will never understand how or why any writer would choose to delve into the life of a character who was born and raised in an entirely different country, a country which it is perfectly clear that the author knows little about.

Perhaps James has spent some time in the US, perhaps even in the Pacific Northwest where the story takes place. I wonder that she hasn't grasped that here on THIS continent, we don't speak like we're from Australia. Expressions were used in all of the books which made me feel like I was intruding into a country that I was unfamiliar with, when I live in the US.

The two primary characters are less than one-dimensional. One could argue that both characters change through the course of the story, and one would be wrong to argue such a thing. James is careful to point out that both Christian Grey and Anastasia Steele are changing throughout the story, but if the author has to tell you this herself, she's not doing her job.

Both Grey and Steele continue to react to every possible scenario exactly as predicted. Every scenario is resolved exactly as predicted. Even the beginnings of the scenarios become predictable. The formula seems to be as follows: Lather, rinse, repeat. Even the sex isn't exciting by the time you get to the end of the first book. By the time you move on to the second book, you're more or less counting the pages until the end.

And then, if you're like me, you're wishing you didn't even have to read the third one, but you must MUST! But you'll end up disappointed, just like me.

Related Post: CHRISTIAN GREY PDF

The stilted, awkward syntax throughout the story was a huge hurdle to overcome. I understand it was born of a fan-fic based on characters from Stephenie Meyer's Twilight series, which I have also read and disliked , but a heavy-handed editor could have made enormous improvements which would have kept the series from reading like a piece of fan fiction.

I only regret that I purchased this as an e-book; had I bought the paperbacks, I could at least have taken a red pen to it and fixed it to my satisfaction--and then perhaps I could have endured reading it a second time. I would rather have given this trilogy a sub-zero rating, but unfortunately, that's not possible. I would rather have the twenty-four collective hours of my life back that I spent filling my thoughts with this heinous series.

The whole story could have been handled so much better. For one thing, the bad writing was so distracting it was difficult for me to hold onto what the story is actually ABOUT--which according to most fans of the series, is the love and healing that occurs between Anastasia and Christian. I wanted to believe in it, really, I did. But it has taken five years of endless patience and reassurance to get him to understand what a gift he is to me and others who love him; but the speed of the development of the relationship between Anastasia and Christian was completely unrealistic.

A man as internally damaged as this one was could not possibly fall head over heels in love with a woman as quickly as has been described.

Women want to believe it's possible, we want to believe in a happy ending so desperately when we pick up this kind of escapist literature. But Christian Grey is not real. He's so incredibly unreal that it would make any other actual, real-life man impossible to measure up to him.

I wonder why we set ourselves up like this. The happy ending, the knight on a white horse, the castle high on the mountain where the bad things can't touch us--these are things we dream of from the time we're little girls, and stories like this only encourage us to believe it can happen.

But it's a dream. And when that dream doesn't come true for us, it makes us feel like we don't deserve the best. There's no way I would recommend this series to a friend, acquaintance, or even someone I don't like. Why would I put another woman through this? View all 6 comments. Sep 14, Penny rated it it was amazing Shelves: In a way, that is why I couldn't bring myself to write a review about the Fifty Shades Trilogy.

I realized, in this case, to be at peace with myself I needed to separate mind and emotions. My mind has a completely different opinion of this series than my emotions, but the truth is that what really prevails for me here when I think about Fifty Shades are my emotions, not my mind. At this point I don't care about all the bad press, the good or bad reviews, the bad quality of the writing, that it shows an unhealthy relationship, that it can't really be called BDSM, that some people could misinterpret it and degrade woman because of it, that has too much or too little sex, or yada, yada, yada.

I don't care anymore what people get or don't from it, there are so many debates about it, justifications, explanations, etc, etc So yeah, I am not going to justify anything, or rationalize why I gave it 5 stars. Everything positive or negative about these books have already been pointed out, criticized and argued. What matters to me now is that I liked it, I enjoyed it very much while I read it, in fact I could not put it down, I eat the series up.

Since that very first time, I have read it and listen to the audiobooks many more times, and I have no doubt I will do it again because I find pleasure in it. There is no explanation other than emotionally I feel satisfied when I read it. Some might think is fucked up, maybe it is. Reading is my drug of choice, sometimes is for my mind, sometimes for my feelings, other times is for both.

In this instance with Fifty Shades , the fix is for my emotions alone and they love it. If you are a person who cannot disconnect your mind, then you would probably find more bumps and problems with these books than satisfaction, because there sure are many.

View all 12 comments. Jun 12, Laurie rated it did not like it. This was so awful, it was fun to read, and read I read all three of them. Like a bad car wreck, I couldn't stop looking. Where do I start? Let's see, we have one, Ana Steele, newly graduated virgin, who is so smart and strong-willed, and so buried in classic literature that not even one singular male can turn her head. Until the day she fortuitously stands in for her best friend who is too sick with the flu to interview with one, Christian Grey with an "e" , a year-old self-made billionair This was so awful, it was fun to read, and read Until the day she fortuitously stands in for her best friend who is too sick with the flu to interview with one, Christian Grey with an "e" , a year-old self-made billionaire.

Yes, that's right. She is immediately so stricken by his presence that she literally trips into his office and falls into his arms. He, of course, is totally charmed by her innocence, her plain clothes, and her simple beauty. Other than her dark hair, that is all we know about Ana's physical appearance. Be that as it may, they both feel "jolts of electricity" course through their bodies at the slightest touch.

Later on, Ana's jolts evolve into multiple orgasmic jolts simply through the brush of his hand on her arm, or the brush of his leather whip--either one will do. Her verbal response? Anyway, where was I? After the interview, she just can't stop thinking of him and his "wry smile," but no matter because he shows up the next day at the hardware store where she works, ordering everyday things like yards of twine and axes.

Things progress quickly, and within a day or so, she is living with him at his mansion, complete with servants, a cook, bodyguards,etc. Sometimes he takes her to his country house in his private jet that he flies himself as he is an accomplished pilot. But, there's something "different" about Ana, Christian feels. But again, with Ana, it is oh so different.

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Of course eventually we learn that Christian's weird sexual proclivities are a result of his tragic early life: From his "crack whore" yes, these are the actual words used mother to his abusive foster family, he is a broken man.

You see where this is going. The author actually has the audacity to have the last scene take place in a lovely field, strewn with flowers, a family picnic with their new baby boy and girl on the way. So, now you don't have to read the books, or do you? View all 11 comments. Jan 16, Dee Montoya rated it it was amazing Shelves: If I'm honest I have to say that the writing style of these books is not all that great but the story plot and the character of Christian Grey were not only memorable but truly captivating.

I'm really not surprised that no matter how many times I read this books 5 , I always get the same intense feelings and it just makes me love it more and more. Since there has been enough said about this books I'll just do a few gifs that better describe my feelings about the Fifty Shades of Grey trilogy Every time I'm going to start re-reading this books I get giddy Every time I read about my beloved Christian I get Goosebumps and totally flustered Big kiss to my lovely BR partners, you girls rock!!!

View all 30 comments. May 19, Janean rated it liked it. Roll your eyes. Judge me. I am English teacher who considers herself fairly well read and a feminist. But I read these. And I read them very quickly. I not-so-secretly enjoyed them The bad: These books are horribly written.

I mean horribly written. Besides the fact that writing is awful and I literally laughed out loud or blushed at times and not at the sex But let's be honest,I didn't pick these up for the literary merit. It'd be like my husband reading Playboy for the articles. The good: These books are deliciously trashy and fun. Again, I consider myself a feminist and while I did take issue with some of Christian's comments and observations on women, I had to remind myself what I was reading.

And what this is really about--a good trashy read. And you got to hand it to James--the woman can't write to save her life though I don't think she sees herself as such , she has tapped into many women's fantasies: You have to take these for what they are worth and just enjoy.

Or at least appreciate a laugh at times. So yes, I did it. I read them. And I'm not ashamed to admit it ok, a little ashamed. But thankfully it's on my Kindle so maybe I will re-read these on the beach this summer View all 9 comments.

The following are a few examples and by all means not a comprehensive list: Aside from the overuse of Fuck like it holds some sort of deeper meaning and mentioning way too many firsts, had both references been pared down to more manageable levels, the writing actually did hold a certain amount of appeal.

In that regard, I must give E. So I approach the finish line with trepidation, but I vow to make it all the way through, one way or another, and I shall do it all in the name of scientific research. A good alternative title for this series. It was like a high school crush that suddenly turned into a high school crush again, and based on the relationship and its ramifications, the two lovers deserved something more.

As readers we deserved a little bit more. The batting 1. What percentage of women climax from penetration alone? All I know is Anastasia reminded me of a fembot with machine gun jubblies and a platinum vagina who was wetter than the Euphrates and comes on command. Not that this is a bad thing if your setting is an alternate universe with alien life forms, then you can certainly make up your own rules.

Even the conflict felt forced to me. Robinson , and Jack—could have been stronger villains. Instead, the three felt like shells of what they could have been and felt artificially created to sustain this novel. Anyway, give E. James credit, because she recognized that conflict was needed, but this was bad conflict.

And it could have been much better. For the first two-thirds of this novel, coupled with the entire previous one, we had pages of Christian being Christian. In other words, he made this novel interesting, until he metamorphosed into some alien life form and became a submissive to Anastasia, all based on Ana threatening to leave.

Instead of manning up, like his character should have done, he dropped to his knees and stared at her with pleading, puppy dog eyes. I might have coughed up my Cheerios, had it not been over fourteen hours since breakfast. Call it morbid curiosity, though. But I will trudge onward. I will. Cheated out of a wedding, cheated out of the first two weeks of the honeymoon, cheated out of a relationship that hinted at so much promise yet managed to under deliver, cheated out of plotting and conflict and other writing techniques that were under-executed or done ineffectively, and cheated out of hours upon hours of my life.

At least it would have made the unbelievable sex seem a tad more believable. Yet, here we are with Christian, an emotionally distant, controlling, narcissist. And Ana is supposed to be the one to save him.

Seems to me that is Fifty Shades of Fucked Up.

With this trilogy, the feminist movement is dead, buried, and headed straight for Hell. But at least the kinky fuckery makes it all worthwhile, right? As for the white roses, long flowing gown, picture-perfect wedding ceremony, that was relegated to the backburner, otherwise known as flashbacks, and the reader grabbed bits and pieces.

Conflict avoidance has reached near panic level. Sure, conflict was there, but I had to dig for it like I was shoveling for my own grave, and then I was going to be tossed in afterwards with my hands zip-tied behind my back and spitting up dirt.

Jack popped in for a brief interlude, after the conductor had already waved his magic wand, and Leila who was probably consuming massive amounts of happy pills and Elena, aka Mrs. Robinson, were literally nowhere to be found, unless a brief reference is counted as full-fledged character development. Yeah, I must have missed that memo in Writing So at least E. James has that going for her.

Fifty Shades of Done. Cross-posted at Robert's Reads View all 23 comments. Jul 08, Kristopher Kelly rated it it was ok. Sifting through the Fifty Shades trilogy, I started paying more attention to patterns than to the plot. Perhaps E L James choosing to respect her apparent wishes to drop the periods after her initials repeated the phrase "you are one fucked up bitch" six times in Fifty Shades Darker in order to aid rote memorization, perhaps not, but I'm sure Homer wouldn't have done it any differently.

At any rate, I embarked on my own odyssey in search of something all the books in the trilogy shared; someth Sifting through the Fifty Shades trilogy, I started paying more attention to patterns than to the plot.

At any rate, I embarked on my own odyssey in search of something all the books in the trilogy shared; something which could pull the whole series together. Well, I think I've found it. But E L James is nothing if not creative, and she shows us many different ways of shaking one's head. Here are more than fifty cumulative ways of shaking one's head, as found throughout the Fifty Shades series.

And, yes, it's possible I missed some. I shake my head at science! From Fifty Shades of Grey: Not for food. No way. He closes his eyes and shakes his head then tilts his head back in surrender. Truly impressive stuff. View all 4 comments. Jul 10, Adrienne Enriquez rated it did not like it. I admit to some embarrassment at having read even the first of these books, let alone all three. James and her success. Cornerstone Digital. Berkley, CA: Cleis Press. I think there is something subversive in saying: This is the man or woman with whom I want to stake everything.

This is why I was never able to do so-called one-night stands.

Fifty Shades Trilogy Fifty Shades of Grey, Fifty Shades Darker

It has to at least have a perspective of eternity. James is still enjoying a very advanced spot on Amazon. The latter, however, is not sufficient to explain why the controversial book, unlike many erotic novels before, proved to be such a huge hit. Hundreds of articles have been written about the book speculating on the secret of its success, but few rigorous academic efforts have been undertaken to extricate the trilogy from the annals of journalism to the more discerning efforts of academia.

The resultant pastiche borders on the highly improbable, but fan readers are willing to suspend disbelief in return for the transgressive fantasy afforded by these books. The trilogy is at once old and new. The unfamiliar, sordid world of dungeons and bondage, discipline, sadism and masochism BDSM was brought to bear upon the life of a character most young women could relate to the lonely, undecided, career woman of chick-lit who had graduated from romance novels.

The money and power elements only added to the edgy fantasy. Within the culture industry of today, it would be reductionist to claim that these books interpellate readers—especially female ones—to occupy certain subject positions without allowing for their agency to influence such interpellations.

Even more important is the attempt to reduce the trilogy to a simple linearity of cause and effect. Similar to many other phenomena, they are very complex constructs that should be seen as a point of convergence between a litany of cultural, social, sexual, economic, and political discursive practices that reveal more about the social subjects that read them than they do about the books themselves. It is the combination of these elements that created a winning formula and, I suspect, had any of the elements that follow been lacking, the books would not have enjoyed such a great success.

Beginning with psychoanalysis, it is crucial that these novels be approached as a form of transgressive fantasy rather than a wish-list for the modern-day woman. Fantasy functions as a space in which we are afforded the opportunity to act out all of those transgressive desires and dreams we have had to renounce to engage in a social contract with others.

Contrary to the perceived notion that in a fantasy we are imagining an ego- ideal or a vision of the self as one wishes the others to see us: For example, fantasising about being famous and powerful is at its heart a desire to arouse envy and jealousy and wield power over others rather than a narrative about a more well-known, beautiful, wonderful and coherent self.

A more accurate rendering of this relationship would be to see the books as representative of a fantasy that can be enjoyed from a safe distance similar to the experience of enjoying the violence and sexual transgression of a film from a masochistic subject position, submitting to another book, character, or film while ensuring it does not hurt us.

On one level the books act as a fantasy that interpellates a willing participant in a Deleuzian masochistic aesthetic. Ana may have surrendered all her power to Christian in the trilogy but this is not very different from the dynamics of a masochistic relationship. It is important to note here that, according to Gilles Deleuze , sadomasochism is a linguistic anomaly that misrepresents the reality of the relationship between torturer and tortured.

The first book of the trilogy was originally conceived by James as fan fiction of the vampire Twilight series Bennett-Smith Residing outside the canonical world of fiction, the books were more of an exercise in a self-reflexive take on the niches and gaps James felt were left unfilled by the Twilight series by Stephenie Meyer The attempt to fill that void thus should not be seen within the constraints of traditional works of fiction but rather as an aesthetic commentary that combines, in the forms of a pastiche, elements of sexual, material, and emotional excesses similar to any fantasy.

The trilogy is to fiction what surrealism was to Victorian art. It is an anti-novel—a novel that dispenses with the traditional elements of novels—precisely because it was conceived as a fan fiction novel. The scopophilia of fan faction reflects the general fasciations with the sexual life of celebrities be they fictional or real.

Thus, a pornographic tape of a celebrity is guaranteed to instantiate the scopic drive more forcefully than a tape of a virtual unknown. More pertinently, James incorporates the fetishised materialism of celebrity life embodied by the explosion of celebrity culture over the past two decades, aided by the ubiquity of the internet. Not all popular representations of violence are incitements thereto.

My primary intention has been to rescue the books from the grips of sadism to the annals of masochism, thereby alleviating any fears that women are subjecting themselves to abusive violence.

Once we get past that, feminists may begin to query why thousands of women have been swayed by the passions of this trilogy. What is the Appeal. Coldness and Cruelty.